Focus on the special college entrance examination season and launch a relay to protect the college entrance examination throughout the country.

On the 3rd, senior three students from Huainan No.2 Middle School in Anhui Province studied by themselves last night. Photo by Chen Bin (People’s Vision)

On the 4th, the caring driver in Hohhot, Inner Mongolia, put the vehicle with the words "Come on" to encourage the college entrance examination students. Photo by Ding Genhou (Image China)

  Core reading

  July is coming, and the 2020 college entrance examination will come as scheduled. A sudden epidemic makes this year’s review preparation particularly unusual. With the efforts of schools, families and all walks of life, candidates overcome all kinds of difficulties and sprint for their dreams. How to ensure that candidates can enter the examination room safely, successfully finish the examination papers and fill in their volunteers in an orderly manner? As always, all parts of the country are working hard to launch a relay to protect the college entrance examination.

  On July 7th, 10.71 million candidates from all over the country will take the college entrance examination. This year’s college entrance examination is a college entrance examination under the background of the normalization of epidemic prevention and control in COVID-19, and it is also a college entrance examination in which the reform of the examination enrollment system has entered a critical period. More than 7,000 test sites and 400,000 examination rooms are waiting. The majority of college entrance examination candidates will gain growth in this special college entrance examination season.

  Ping’ an examination

  The most stringent measures, strengthen the examination epidemic prevention.

  "The number of candidates in each examination room has been reduced from 30 to 20. Candidates who have temporary symptoms such as fever on the day of the exam will be arranged to take the exam in the standby examination room … …” A few days ago, Li Yi, deputy secretary of the Municipal Education Commission and spokesman of the Municipal Education Commission, introduced the epidemic prevention and control work in novel coronavirus.

  "Strengthen the examination and epidemic prevention with the strictest measures." According to the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Education, all localities have conducted daily temperature measurement and physical health monitoring for candidates and examiners 14 days in advance. All test sites are equipped with sufficient epidemic prevention materials as required, and isolation examination rooms and isolation facilities are set up. In principle, every 10 ordinary examination rooms shall be set up with one spare isolation examination room (not less than 3 for each examination center).

  The test center shall measure the body temperature of all the people who enter the test center, and they can only enter the test center below 37.3℃. The test center will set up a arbor and a re-examination room for those with abnormal body temperature, etc., for the people to be tested to prepare for the test and for those who fail to pass the test to take a short rest and adjust. Under the guidance of local health departments and disease control institutions, all test sites, examination places, passages, areas, tables and chairs will be cleaned and disinfected, and the completion signs will be clearly posted. Candidates with fever and cough will be transferred to the standby isolation examination room according to the established procedures.

  "Each test center will organize candidates to leave the venue in an orderly manner, so as to achieve the wrong peak at the wrong time, keep the distance and avoid crowding. Examiners shall hand over examination papers, answer sheets, draft papers and other examination materials in an orderly manner as required. After the exam every day, each test center will also do a preventive disinfection of the examination room. Strictly implement closed management of marking points or marking areas, and implement a daily zero reporting system for marking teachers’ health status. " The relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Education introduced.

  All localities are taking strict measures to ensure a healthy and safe college entrance examination.

  Beijing requires all examination staff to carry out nucleic acid testing before the exam, and strictly implement epidemic prevention measures such as registration of health status of candidates and examination staff, wearing masks throughout the exam, disinfection and ventilation of the examination center, and temperature check on admission.

  Zhejiang implemented health monitoring management for candidates for 14 days before the exam, and immediately conducted "one-on-one" tracking when abnormalities were found. All candidates must enter the examination room with "temperature measurement+health code", and the candidates with abnormal temperature will be arranged according to the response plan.

  Jinniu district, Chengdu City, Sichuan Province requires candidates to make a unified health registration on the provincial examination platform, and show their 14-day temperature test table, flow chart and health code when receiving the admission ticket.

  "In order to create a cool environment for candidates, we require all the examination rooms without air conditioning to be installed." Li Yuping, director of the Education Bureau of Pingxiang City, Jiangxi Province, said that each test center in Pingxiang City is equipped with a staff member of the health department as the deputy examiner, as well as four doctors, an expert in disease control and epidemic prevention, an electrician and a college entrance examination equipment technician.

  Wenxin examination

  All-round care, providing multiple guarantees

  "Careful thinking and hard work, stick to the end and surprise!" On the blackboard of senior three classroom in Jiyuan No.1 Middle School, Henan Province, there is a "sentence before the exam" written by the teacher every day. In addition to the scores corrected in red ink, there is also a warm sentence on the examination paper: "You are a thoughtful and talented child." "Come on! I am optimistic about you as always. "

  "It is necessary to ensure good health and not to ignore the mental health of students." During the interview, the senior three teachers in Duodi said that it is an important part of teachers’ work to always pay attention to the psychological situation of candidates, strengthen psychological counseling before the exam and guide candidates to release anxiety.

  On the eve of the college entrance examination, Jinan City, Shandong Province opened a "student psychological care hotline", and full-time psychological counselors provided services 24 hours a day. Wang Xiangyu, director of the Department of Ideological and Political Work of Jinan Education Bureau, said, "We selected 18 outstanding psychological counselors and psychologists in the industry to provide professional help".

  "Teacher, can I live in the teacher’s dormitory during the college entrance examination?" Not long ago, Wang Wen quietly asked Zhou Zhihong, the head teacher, in Class 1, Grade 3, Jinkou Middle School, Jiangxia District, Wuhan City, Hubei Province. Wang Wen’s family situation is quite special. Her father works in other places, her mother can’t live without her grandmother who is seriously ill, and there are young brothers and sisters at home. Jinkou Middle School, after asking the education authorities for instructions, decided that students whose parents could not take the exam should be accompanied by school teachers. Responsible teachers keep candidates’ certificates, guide candidates to go to bed early and get up early, and give psychological counseling to students every night.

  "It is lucky and happy to have someone to help you at the most critical time in life." A student from Wuhan No.23 Middle School wrote in his diary. Accompanied by love and guarded by teachers, the teacher-student relationship in the third year of senior high school is particularly precious.

  In order to ensure a safe and warm college entrance examination, the reporter learned from the Ministry of Education that all localities have further strengthened their protection in transportation, noise control, heatstroke prevention and cooling, information security, etc. Under the guidance of the health and health departments, they have made overall plans to do a good job in heatstroke prevention and cooling in the examination room and try their best to create a cool examination environment for candidates. The public security department has opened up a green channel for college entrance examination candidates to apply for identity cards. At the same time, in view of the frequent occurrence of heavy rainfall, floods and typhoons in some areas in July, the relevant localities have focused on refining the special plans for dealing with natural disasters and organized emergency drills to ensure that they are prepared and effectively disposed of.

  Fair college entrance examination

  Check the whole process to prevent exam fraud.

  A few days ago, Liaoning public security organs detected a cheating case involving the college entrance examination organization and withheld a batch of cheating equipment. Anhui and Henan public security organs took the initiative to attack during the classified entrance examination and art joint examination in higher vocational colleges, and cracked many cases of cheating in examinations organized and implemented through the Internet.

  In addition, the network security department of the public security organs also investigated and dealt with a number of online self-media accounts that spread rumors of the college entrance examination according to law, and severely punished the publishers of rumors that seriously disrupted the order of the examination according to law.

  According to reports, in order to ensure the sunshine college entrance examination and fair college entrance examination, all localities have further improved the working mechanism of joint defense, joint control and joint management, intensified prevention and crackdown, and made every effort to ensure the safety of the examination.

  Ensuring the security and confidentiality of test papers is the most important thing. The Ministry of Education requires all localities to strictly carry out the whole process inspection, and implement multi-control in one post and joint defense of personnel and technology in the test work links such as test paper life system, printing, transportation and storage, so as to realize video monitoring without dead ends in the whole process of test paper operation and ensure the safety of test papers. At the same time, crack down on exam fraud.

  "This year, all localities will further strengthen the admission management of test sites and actively adopt various testing methods to prevent high-tech cheating tools from entering the examination room; Take measures such as multi-card checking and man-machine comparison to prevent substitute exams. At the same time, strict selection of examination staff, strict implementation of examination regulations, timely detection and disposal of fraud in the examination room. " The relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Education introduced.

  "With the most rigorous procedures, ensure fair enrollment. In response to the hot and difficult issues that the masses care about, we will improve the system rules, plug loopholes with heavy punches, and earnestly safeguard the fairness and justice of college enrollment. " The relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Education introduced: It is necessary to tighten the cage of the system, implement the enrollment bans such as "six prohibitions", "ten prohibitions" and "30 prohibitions" in college enrollment, and ensure that the enrollment process is strictly regulated. Adhere to the "sunshine enrollment", strengthen the social supervision of college enrollment, establish a multi-level enrollment information disclosure system at the national, local and school levels, and conscientiously implement the "ten publicity" of enrollment information.

  "Increase the supervision and inspection of illegal enrollment, and insist on finding together, investigating together, and zero tolerance. Seriously carry out the re-examination of freshmen’s admission, and resolutely cancel their admission qualifications and deal with them seriously for those freshmen who resort to fraud, cheat in exams, cheat extra points or attempt to impersonate; Those who register for school will cancel their school status and will not be electronically registered as freshmen; At the same time, cooperate with the public security, discipline inspection and supervision departments to check the end and investigate the responsibilities of relevant personnel according to law. " The relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Education introduced.

  Reporter Zhao Yina Zhang Shuo (Yang Xiao mystery participated in writing)

What kind of romantic collision will there be when the nickname of winter meets the winter scenery of Linxia?

these two days

Do you have a cold wind and snowflakes rustling there?

Winter has arrived, and everything is hidden.

Flip through ancient books

Once again intoxicated with the beauty of ancient Chinese!

Everything in the world, vegetation falling, spring, summer, autumn and winter

All have unique and elegant names endowed by the ancients.

12 nicknames about winter

Meet twelve winter scenes in Linxia.

What kind of romantic collision will there be?

Let’s have a look!

The ancients took October of the lunar calendar as Meng Dong, November as Midwinter, and December as Ji Dong, and collectively referred to the three months as "three winters" to refer to winter.

There are 90 days in three months in winter, so winter is also called "Nine winters".

"Strict" has the meaning of "deep degree", so "severe winter" has become another generation of extremely cold winter.

Everything is depressed in winter, and it is cold between heaven and earth, so winter is also called "clear winter".

"Xuan" is black. In ancient times, the four directions were the four seasons, and the northern winter was black, so winter was also called "Xuandong".

"Poor" means nothing. Winter is the last season of the year, so it is called "poor winter".

In ancient times, spring and summer were sunny, autumn and winter were cloudy, and winter was the last season of the year, so it was called this.

"Sui Shu Records Fifteenth Astronomical Seven Obsidian" contains: "The sun travels eastward along the ecliptic, once a day and once a night, 365 days are strange and Sunday. Traveling to the east is called spring … Traveling to the north is called winter ".

Er Ya Shi Tian says, "Winter is Xuan Ying". Therefore, it is called winter by later generations.

Note: Xuan, color of winter, sequence, season. Use "Xuan Xu" to call winter people.

Source: The Book of Beginners, Volume III, quoted the Compilation of Emperor Liang Yuan of the Southern Dynasties: "Winter is called Xuan Ying … Festival is called Yan Festival."

The ancients had the so-called "three redundancies" in reading. The rest: in winter, after the year, in the night, after the day, and in rainy days. The winter reading in "spare time" is the best.

Source: Linxia Zhourong Media Center

Editor: Ren Li

Check: Zhang Haipeng.

Original title: "What kind of romantic collision will there be when the elegant name of winter meets the winter scenery of Linxia? 》

Read the original text

KPMG China Financial Technology 50 List: Beijing, Shenzhen and Shanghai rank in the top three, and 70% of the listed companies have more than 40% technical talents.

Image source: the idea of the worm

Zhu Hanqi, intern reporter of Economic Observer Network  On January 9th, KPMG China released the "2023 KPMG China Financial Technology Enterprises Double 50 List" and the annual trend report.

Huang Aizhou, managing partner of KPMG China Financial Technology, said that in the process of digital transformation of the financial industry, there are unique advantages in the three pillars needed for the vertical model of the industry: algorithm, computing power and data. The financial industry has mastered a large number of historical data and written materials, which provides natural convenience for the development of the industry model; In the process of financial digitalization and intelligence, financial technology enterprises have also formed unique solutions in terms of algorithms and computing power.

The report analyzes the listed enterprises in five dimensions: professional field, city and region, main technical elements, proportion of technical personnel and establishment time.

In the distribution of professional fields, platform technology empowerment and wealth technology rank first and second, Pratt & Whitney technology and insurance technology rank third, and AI and blockchain are still the core technologies in the underlying technologies.

In terms of urban and geographical distribution, Beijing, Shenzhen and Shanghai rank in the top three, and Chengdu ranks fourth for the first time. Tan Wei, chief partner of KPMG in China, Sichuan and Chongqing, said that in recent years, Chengdu has incorporated financial technology into the category of "building a circle and strengthening a chain" and become one of the 28 key industrial chains, forming an ecological layout that integrates Chongqing, links the whole country and sails the whole world.

In the distribution of main technical elements, the types of technical elements are more colorful, and the proportion of technical elements such as safety, credibility and large-scale correlation is obviously improved.

In terms of the proportion of technical personnel, 70% of the listed companies have more than 40% technical personnel, thus occupying an advantageous position in the fierce market competition.

In terms of the time distribution of enterprise establishment, the proportion of listed enterprises established for more than 10 years in 2023 has increased, and more enterprises that have been deeply involved in this field for a long time have continuously consolidated their market position by optimizing data processing, increasing transaction rate, simplifying financial service processes, and innovating financial products and services.

Kpmg chart

In addition, the report also puts forward nine major trends:

Trend 1: The development of financial macro-model will have a far-reaching impact on the paradigm of financial technology industry (annual trend). In the era of mobile internet, domestic manufacturers are actively developing the layout of financial big models, and relevant enterprises need to build competitive advantages by virtue of "having data" and "understanding scenarios". In the future, the wide application of financial macro-model will have the following changes: the change of AI cognition and concept, reshaping customer service process and experience, improving risk management, improving financial service efficiency and innovating financial business forms.

Trend 2: Science and technology investment pays more attention to output energy efficiency, and peer-to-peer science and technology output changes to ecological empowerment mode (integrated financial technology). Comprehensive financial technology enterprises pay more attention to business orientation and precise focus in objectives and methods, and change from technical empowerment to all-round ecological empowerment in service direction.

Trend 3: AI helps to innovate wealth management, and the core system of the organization is autonomous and accelerated (wealth technology). Wealth technology enterprises provide support for wealth management business scenarios such as investment, research and marketing, and will explore more application scenarios of large models to improve efficiency and service upgrade.

Trend 4: Insurance technology has evolved into risk reduction management, and the service boundary (insurance technology) has been continuously expanded in combination with industrial upgrading. Insurance technology companies turn the original uninsurable risks into insurable risks, and penetrate technology into the development process of all walks of life, which leads to new risk management demands.

Trend 5: Digital symbiosis and digital platform services accelerate the development of inclusive finance (Pratt & Whitney Technology).

Small and medium-sized enterprises access digital resources through the digital service platform, build a digital intelligent business process, meet the rapidly changing market demand, and accelerate the digital intelligent transformation of small and medium-sized enterprises.

Trend 6: Multi-parties join hands to expand the new blue ocean of supply chain finance, and scene product innovation is emerging (supply chain technology). The supply chain science and technology platform has accelerated its efforts in the scene business. It is expected that there will be more scene-based innovative products based on data credit in the future, and the traditional confirmation mode will begin to weaken.

Trend 7: Mobile payment innovation scenario application, cross-border payment opens up a new chapter in the sea (payment technology). The third-party payment platform at the C end expands its business by exploring new scenes and product innovation, and the mobile payment platform at the B end provides integrated services based on payment functions. The cross-border payment platform will also provide customers with integrated services to enhance customer stickiness.

Trend 8: Regulatory technology is expected to improve regulatory efficiency with the help of large models (regulatory technology). The development of regulatory technology will rely more and more on scientific and technological means to achieve more efficient and accurate supervision.

Trend 9: A new round of development opportunities will be opened, and a big article on digital finance (platform technology empowerment) will be done with the tide. At the present stage, the trends of innovation and going out to sea are highly certain, and the actions of "data elements ×" and "high-quality development of computing infrastructure" are steadily advanced, and the opportunity of technological change is expected to drive the sustained release of China’s financial technology value.

Weather forecast | It’s a little hot "huo"! The highest temperature in the downtown area in the next three days is 19 C.

During the day on the 10th, all parts of Chongqing were cloudy to cloudy, and some areas were foggy in the morning, with a temperature of 0 ~ 15 C..
According to the forecast of Chongqing Meteorological Observatory, most parts of Chongqing will be cloudy to cloudy in the next three days, and it will be foggy in the morning. It is estimated that on the 11th, the air quality in the central city is good-slightly polluted, and the primary pollutant is PM2.5.
Weather forecast for the next three days
From the night of the 10th to the day of the 11th, most areas turned cloudy, with fog in the morning and sporadic light rain in the southeast, with the temperature of 0 ~ 18 C; The downtown area turns cloudy with a temperature of 10 ~ 16 C.
From the night of the 11th to the day of the 12th, it is cloudy to cloudy, with local fog in the morning, and the temperature is 1 ~ 19 C; The central city turned cloudy to cloudy with a temperature of 11 ~ 16 C.
From the night of the 12th to the day of the 13th, it turned cloudy and foggy in the morning, and the temperature was 2 ~ 20 C; The downtown area turns cloudy and cloudy, and the temperature is 11 ~ 19 C.
Upstream journalist He Yan
Reporting/feedback

Coffee+tea lasts longer!

Original Swagpp mace medicine

Tea and coffee are two of the most widely consumed beverages in the world-

Tea is the second largest beverage in the world after water. About 3 billion people in the world like to drink tea, and basically one in every three people likes to drink tea. How much do you like coffee? According to the statistics of Science, the world consumes an average of 2.25 billion cups of coffee every day, and the cups can simply circle the earth 7.5 times!

Tea containing caffeine, catechin polyphenols and flavonoids has neuroprotective effects, and has the effects of anti-oxidative stress, anti-inflammation and anti-apoptosis. Coffee contains caffeine, which is also a rich source of antioxidants and bioactive compounds. Compared with milk tea, fruit juice, sugary drinks and so on, coffee and tea have naturally become the public’s first choice.

For working "dogs", having coffee and afternoon tea in the morning is really for "continuing life". But have you ever thought that while refreshing your mind, maybe coffee and tea are really helping you continue your life!

The latest research on West China of Sichuan University;

Drink 3 cups of tea or 6-8g of tea every day.

The anti-aging effect is the most obvious.

Tea contains a variety of bioactive substances, among which tea polyphenols are the most concerned. Previous studies have shown that tea polyphenols have anti-oxidation, anti-inflammatory, inhibiting cell apoptosis and regulating epigenetic changes, thus delaying the occurrence of aging. At the same time, animal experiments show that flavonoids and polyphenols rich in tea can prolong the life of worms, fruit flies and mice.

So, can people who drink more tea live longer?

Recently, a research team from West China School of Public Health of Sichuan University found that moderate tea drinking can delay the growth of human biological age. Among them, drinking about 3 cups of tea a day, or 6-8g of tea, has a particularly obvious anti-aging effect. The research was published in Lancet Regional Health-Western Pacific, a sub-journal of The Lancet.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lanwpc.2023.100955

The researchers recruited 7931 participants from the China Multi-Ethnic Cohort (CMEC) and 5998 participants from the longitudinal cohort of the British Biological Database (UKB), and estimated their biological ages (BA) by using composite biomarkers and Klemera Doubal method (KDM).

What is the concept of KDM-BA acceleration? The multivariable adjustment model shows that the death risk will increase by 56% every year when the acceleration of KDM-BA increases. In addition, KDM-BA acceleration has a good performance in predicting most elderly-related diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes and weakness.

There are many kinds of tea covered in this survey, including green tea, scented tea, black tea, sweet tea, black tea, oolong tea, yellow tea and white tea. According to different frequency of drinking tea, participants were divided into three groups: no drinking at present, 1-2 days/week, 3-5 days/week and almost every day. And according to every 200ml as a standard cup, the daily tea consumption of participants was calculated.

What is very innovative is that when people in China drink tea, it is often in bulk rather than in bags. Therefore, the researchers specially measured the amount of tea (in grams) when collecting data.

Research flow chart

In the whole queue, participants who insisted on drinking tea had a lower aging rate.

Specifically, compared with those who never drink tea, participants who change from drinking tea to drinking tea and insist on drinking tea have a slower increase in KDM-BA acceleration, which is simply "aging more slowly".

It was observed in the CMEC cohort that participants who changed from drinking tea to drinking tea had lower KDM-BA acceleration (β = ?0.319, 95% CI: ?0.620 to 0.017) than those who had no habit of drinking tea.

On the other hand, compared with those who have always had the habit of drinking tea, the acceleration of KDM-BA of participants who changed from drinking tea to not drinking tea increased more, that is, they aged faster.

According to the basic information collected, most of the participants who insist on drinking tea are men, who love drinking more and will maintain healthier eating habits. In addition, these participants are less likely to suffer from insomnia, depression and anxiety, especially in CMEC.

Basic information of participants

In order to get more practical conclusions, the researchers evaluated the prospective exposure-response relationship between tea drinking and biological age. Restricted cubic spline shows that with the increase of daily tea consumption, the curve of KDM-BA acceleration decreases continuously until 3 cups/day tends to be flat.

In other words, compared with those who don’t drink tea, participants who insist on drinking 2-3 cups of tea every day have the lowest KDM-BA acceleration. When the amount of tea leaves is taken as the exposure of CMEC, drinking 6-8g of tea leaves every day shows the strongest correlation, that is, the aging speed is the lowest at this time.

Correlation between tea consumption and KDM-BA acceleration

To sum up, there is a close relationship between drinking tea and the decline of biological aging acceleration measured by KDM-BA-the dose-response relationship shows that drinking 3 cups of tea or 6-8g of tea every day can maximize the anti-aging benefits.

It’s the first time that a study has made it so intimate that the grams of tea should be used every day! Why don’t you drink up? !

Drink 0.5-3 cups of coffee every day.

All-cause mortality fell by 12%

But instant coffee is really not good …

The benefits of coffee need not be said. In addition to refreshing, drinking coffee regularly is beneficial to reduce the risk of cancer and type 2 diabetes, control weight, improve depression, and prevent Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease. Not only that, recent studies have shown that coffee can also reduce the risk of death, thus prolonging life!

A study published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology points out that drinking 0.5-3 cups of coffee a day is related to a 12% decrease in all-cause mortality and a 17% decrease in cardiovascular mortality. Compared with people who don’t drink coffee, coffee stars have better cardiovascular health; But the benefits are decaffeinated coffee and ground coffee, and have nothing to do with instant coffee … …

doi:10.1093/eurjpc/zwac008

The study recruited 468,629 volunteers from British Biobank. These volunteers had no previous history of cardiovascular diseases, with an average age of 56.2 8.1 years, accounting for 44.2% of men, and the average follow-up period was 11(10-12) years.

Among nearly 470,000 volunteers, 22.1% have no habit of drinking coffee, 58.4% drink 0.5-3 cups of coffee every day on average, and 19.5% drink more than 3 cups of coffee every day on average.

The analysis of multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression model shows that compared with people who don’t drink coffee, people who drink 0.5-3 cups of coffee a day have a 12% reduction in all-cause death risk; The risk of cardiovascular death decreased by 17%, and the risk of stroke decreased by 21%.

However, people who drink more than three cups of coffee a day have no obvious improvement compared with those who have no coffee habit. In other words, although drinking coffee often is good for health, it is not the more the better. 0.5-3 cups a day is the best dose of coffee for life.

Relationship between coffee consumption and death risk

Next, the highlight of this study came-the researchers deliberately distinguished the health effects of different types of coffee.

Of all the volunteers who drink coffee, 19.5% are used to drinking decaffeinated coffee, 23.3% are used to drinking ground coffee and 55.1% are used to drinking instant coffee. After adjusting for possible confounding factors, the researchers found that compared with people who don’t drink coffee:

People who drink 0.5-3 cups of coffee every day have a 16% reduction in all-cause death risk (P = 0.001).

The risk of all-cause death decreased by 17% when drinking more than 3 cups of coffee every day (P = 0.022).

0.5-3 cups of ground coffee per day reduced the risk of all-cause death by 25% and cardiovascular death by 25% (P < 0.001).

What is even more shocking is that drinking more than 3 cups of ground coffee a day is associated with a 49% reduction in the risk of cardiovascular death (P=0.008)!

Compared with people who don’t drink coffee, many cardiac function parameters of volunteers who drink coffee without reason and ground coffee are improved. Unfortunately, the researchers found no evidence that drinking instant coffee for a long time can improve cardiovascular health.

The reason why different kinds of coffee have different health effects may be that they have gone through different processing processes and contain different chemical components. For example, although decaffeinated coffee does not contain caffeine, drinking decaffeinated coffee also helps to improve cardiovascular health and reduce the risk of death, indicating that other coffee ingredients besides caffeine are also beneficial to health.

To sum up, this study confirmed that 0.5-3 cups of coffee a day is helpful to improve cardiovascular health and reduce the risk of cardiovascular death and all-cause death. If possible, you can choose decaffeinated coffee and ground coffee!

Coffee+tea doubles the effect.

Drink enough of this amount

The risk of death is reduced by 22%

For most people, drinking tea or coffee is not a single thing, but both. So, what kind of sparks will tea and coffee collide?

Scholars from Tianjin Medical University have answered this long-standing question. They found that drinking coffee and tea in moderation every day can reduce the risk of death. Compared with people who don’t drink coffee or tea, participants who drink 2-4 cups of tea and < 1-2 cups of coffee a day have a lower risk of all-cause death, cardiovascular disease death and respiratory disease death.

(Source: BMC Medicine)

Using longitudinal cohort data of nearly 500,000 people from British Biobank, this study analyzed the relationship between coffee and tea drinking alone or in combination and total mortality and specific cause mortality (including cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases and digestive diseases).

First, the researchers investigated the relationship between drinking only coffee or tea every day and mortality. Surprisingly, only drinking coffee or tea has a nonlinear relationship with mortality. Among them, there is a J-type correlation between drinking only coffee and all-cause, cardiovascular disease and respiratory disease mortality, while drinking only tea is an anti-J-type correlation between all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality; There is a consistent anti-J correlation between drinking only coffee or tea and mortality of digestive diseases.

Specifically, drinking 1 cup of coffee or 3 cups of tea a day has the lowest risk of all-cause death, while drinking about 5 cups of coffee or 6 cups of tea a day has the lowest risk of death from digestive diseases.

* Xiaobian Google learned that the UK 1 cup=250 mL.

Correlation curve between drinking coffee or tea and all-cause mortality and specific cause mortality

(Source: BMC Medicine)

Then, the author further quantified the relationship between the consumption of coffee and tea and the mortality rate. Participants were divided into two groups according to their coffee intake (none, < 1~2, 3~4 and ≥5 cups/day) and tea intake (none, < 1~1, 2~4 and ≥5 cups/day), and their all-cause mortality and specific cause mortality were counted.

The analysis results show that compared with participants with different drinking amounts in the same group, participants who drink 2-4 cups of tea or < 1-2 cups of coffee every day have the lowest mortality rate from all causes, cardiovascular diseases and respiratory diseases.

All-cause mortality drinking coffee or tea (Source: BMC Medicine)

Great, it seems that the benefits of drinking coffee or tea are double-edged, which can actually reduce the mortality rate! Coffee star people and tea star people expressed great satisfaction. Not only that, the researchers also "humanized" the friends who love "the combination of Chinese and western" and analyzed the joint drinking of coffee and tea.

So, is drinking coffee and tea together a "happy takeoff" or a "full of harm"?

Surprisingly, the results show that there is a significant interaction between the co-drinking of coffee and tea and all-cause mortality. For those who drink a little coffee every day, the all-cause mortality increases with the increase of tea intake, but for those who drink a lot of coffee every day, the relationship is U-shaped. However, for people who drink tea every day, no matter how much they drink, the increase of their coffee intake is related to all-cause mortality in a U-shape.

Drinking coffee and tea is combined with all-cause and specific-cause mortality.

(Source: BMC Medicine)

As a result, the researcher draws a data conclusion that can make the majority of migrant workers "ecstatic": compared with those who don’t drink coffee and tea, drinking < 1~2 cups of coffee +2~4 cups of tea every day can reduce people’s risk of all-cause death by 22%, CVD risk by 24% and respiratory disease death risk by 31%!

So, everyone here, warm winter, would you choose poetic tea or romantic coffee? Let’s drink both together!

References:

[1]Simon J, Fung K, Raisi-Estabragh Z, et al. Light to moderate coffee consumption is associated with lower risk of death: a UK Biobank study. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2022; 29(6):982-991. doi:10.1093/eurjpc/zwac008

[2]Xiang Y, Xu H, Chen H, Tang D, Huang Z, Zhang Y, Wang Z, Wang Z, Yangla, Han M, Yin J, Xiao X, Zhao X. Tea consumption and attenuation of biological aging: a longitudinal analysis from two cohort studies. Lancet Reg Health West Pac. 2023 Nov 22; 42:100955. doi: 10.1016/j.lanwpc.2023.100955. PMID: 38075587; PMCID: PMC10700389.

[3] Chen Y, Zhang Y, Zhang M, Yang H, Wang Y. Consumption of coffee and tea with all-cause and cause-specific mortality: a prospective cohort study. BMC Med. 2022 Nov 18; 20(1):449. doi: 10.1186/s12916-022-02636-2. PMID: 36397104; PMCID: PMC9673438.

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Original title: "Coffee+tea lasts longer! The latest in West China of Sichuan University: Drinking 3 cups of tea every day has the best anti-aging effect! The risk of death from drinking coffee decreases by 22%.

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[Association News] Association leaders and their party went to Yunnan Department of Commerce for docking and exchange.

  Click the "blue word" above to learn more first-hand information about the industry.

  On December 15th, Liang Yuxia, Secretary of the Association, Ma Renhong, Executive President, and Ye Suping, General Manager of Guangdong Jinze Investment Group, Vice President, and others went to Yunnan Department of Commerce for business docking and exchange. Yin Yonglin, the second-level inspector of the Department of Commerce, and leaders of Modern Logistics Industry Department, Exhibition Economy Department, Market System Construction Department, Business Service Department and ASEAN Department attended the meeting.

  The two sides conducted in-depth exchanges on the deployment of Yunnan’s docking with Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area next year, the development and construction of a two-way logistics channel between Guangdong market and Yunnan market, the entry of beef cattle from Laos and Myanmar and Yunnan into Guangdong market, and the recommended products from Yunnan during the 2024 Expo.

  At the meeting, the two sides exchanged views on the application of "Air Smart Express" in Yunnan, which was highly recognized by everyone. They agreed that "Air Smart Express" is an effective way to solve the difficulties faced by the last mile logistics in mountainous areas of Yunnan, and will arrange an on-site inspection as soon as possible to study the promotion of the project.

  At the same time, a serious docking and research was carried out around the beef cattle industry and the 2024 Expo.

  Yunnan Province is the source province of "Western Cuisine Moving to the East" and "Yunnan Cuisine Entering Guangdong". At the same time, as the bridgehead area connecting "the belt and road initiative" with "Lan-Mei Region", its advantages in agricultural products and geographical location are particularly prominent. The two sides believe that through the platform of the association, we will speed up the close docking of the two markets and jointly promote the high-quality development of the regional economy in Yunnan and Guangdong provinces.

  Li Wenjie, director of Yunnan Rongwan Professional Committee of the Association, attended the meeting.

The prelude to the "pilot era" of used car export or the end of full opening-up sounded

  The French economy grew nearly zero in the first quarter of this year, and unexpectedly increased by 0.6% in the second quarter. However, this was partly due to the strong rebound in exports caused by the delivery of a cruise ship worth over 1 billion euros, with a negative growth of 0.1% in the third quarter. In the fourth quarter, all economic engines stagnated. The Bank of France predicted a growth of 0.1%, the French National Bureau of Statistics predicted a zero growth, and institutions did not rule out the possibility of negative growth. The consensus of all institutions is that the French economy will achieve at most a low growth rate in the first half of next year, regardless of whether it escapes the technical recession at the end of the year.

  The OECD has lowered France’s economic growth forecast for this year and next to 0.9% and 0.8%. In fact, the world economy has experienced shocks again and again, and the euro zone economy as a whole is weak. Since July 2022, the European Central Bank has continuously raised interest rates. Although it has pulled the euro zone out of the inflation quagmire, it has suppressed consumption and investment, and many countries’ economies have been sluggish or even declining. The European Central Bank stopped raising interest rates in October this year, but the impact of monetary tightening on economic activities is lagging behind, and its comprehensive impact will appear next year.

  The more unfavorable factor than other economies in the euro zone is that according to the relevant data of Eurostat, the inflation rate in France was 3.8% in November 2023, while the average level in the euro zone has dropped to 2.4%. In 2022, France performed the best in controlling inflation in the euro zone, mainly because the government "protected purchasing power at all costs", and spent huge public expenditures to freeze natural gas prices and electricity prices, issue energy checks to poor families, and provide inflation subsidies to income earners. Nowadays, international oil prices tend to be stable, natural gas and electricity prices are falling, and energy prices in Europe are falling year-on-year. In France, with the gradual cancellation of measures to protect purchasing power, energy prices are rising year-on-year. The good news is that the French National Bureau of Statistics predicts that food prices in France will drop sharply in the coming months.

  Another unfavorable factor is the reversal of the unemployment rate decline curve. The unemployment rate in France gradually decreased from the high of 9.5% in 2017 to 7.1% in early 2023, and then rose to 7.2% in the second quarter and 7.4% in the third quarter. The French National Bureau of Statistics predicts that the employment slowdown will continue in the next few quarters. Analysts pointed out that this is of course caused by the weak economic prospects, but also because the previous rescue measures of "guaranteeing enterprises and ensuring employment" have been stopped, and the "short-term negative effect" of pension reform has been added: since September 2023, the retirement age in France has been delayed, and the working population base has increased accordingly.

  The budget deficit is too high and the public debt is too heavy, which has endangered France’s sovereign credit rating. Rising interest rates, weak growth and weak employment are likely to put pressure on tax revenue and lead to further deterioration of public finances. The French government has repeatedly promised to reduce the budget deficit to less than 3% of GDP by 2027. Therefore, public expenditure must be cut, which means that in the short term, it is difficult for the government to make a difference in purchasing power, wages, housing, immigration and other issues that people are most concerned about.

  The French National Bureau of Statistics predicts that consumption and investment will continue to be affected by the monetary tightening policy in the first half of next year, especially in the construction industry. However, thanks to the further easing of inflation and the global economic recovery, the French economy may grow slightly, reaching about 0.5% by the middle of next year. Inflation in France will also drop to 2.6% by the end of June next year, and the core inflation rate will drop to 2%. However, the agency stressed that "all forecasts are full of uncertainty", especially the geopolitical factors and the uncertainty of the central bank’s monetary policy decision.

  However, the French government maintains the growth target of 1% this year and 1.4% next year, and reiterates that it will continue to promote reforms under the framework of the "2030 Investment Plan", focusing on improving productivity and competitiveness. On December 10th, President Macron made a special trip to the Airbus headquarters in Toulouse to make a phased summary of the achievements of "France 2030" since its implementation for more than two years in the birthplace of the French industrial success story. He announced that "France 2030" aims to achieve three goals-obtaining industrial and technological autonomy, achieving full employment and fulfilling climate commitments. In 2024, the government will introduce more measures to ensure that French re-industrialization and innovation investment "accelerate, accelerate and accelerate".

What is life?

What is life? Life is:

Shoulder responsibility, hide pressure,

No matter how tired and bitter you are, you must move forward.

No matter how hard it hurts, smile.

What is life? Life is:

You cried, no one coaxed you,

You’re tired, nobody hurts,

You are poor, others look down upon you,

You are rich, and some people are jealous.

What is life? Life is:

A needle and a thread, you have to do it yourself,

Earn a penny and a dime,

A porridge and a meal, you have to save yourself,

When you cry and laugh, you have to act on your own.

What is life?

Life is half responsibility and half pressure;

Life is half happiness and half worry;

Life is half hard work and half rest;

Life is half tears and half sweat.

Life is: to be born, to live,

Life is: tears come out and swallow,

Life, never mistreats anyone,

It is the strictest teacher,

Teach you how to survive,

And reprimanded you for not making progress.

From the moment you become an adult,

Life brings you responsibility,

You can’t be as carefree as a child,

If there are mistakes, correct them yourself,

If you have difficulties, solve them yourself.

While taking care of yourself,

Also responsible for the expenses of the family,

No matter how much you earn, whether you are rich or poor,

The responsibility on the shoulder can’t be shirked,

Family happiness, to bear!

Life tells us that living is very tiring.

It also teaches us how to be strong,

Life brings us all kinds of problems,

It also allowed us to face it bravely.

Original title: "What is life? 》

Take stock of funny pictures, who laughs at the whole network with a stomachache, and laughs to death ~ (the first issue)

Thanks for clicking into this hilarious joke collection! Get ready to be funny!

Today, I took stock of the funniest pictures on the whole network, and the opportunity to laugh is just around the corner.

Come and have a good laugh together, but please remember to make your stomach bear it, and don’t laugh until you shed tears ~ Here are the highlights of today’s jokes, to make sure you laugh to death!

Lovers’ game: write one thing that the other party doesn’t know!

How lucky! My wife and mother-in-law are pregnant at the same time!

Challenge: look into her eyes for ten seconds!

These funny pictures networks are like a bright mirror, reflecting countless happy moments in our lives.

They not only make people relax in their busy lives, but also arouse people’s laughter and bring people more happiness.

Therefore, when you browse the Internet, you might as well pay more attention to these funny pictures, which will bring you unexpected joy.

Let’s face life with a smile and spend every day happily!

# Funny

Anyway, I don’t study for a day.

Teacher Shi.

Tomorrow is the weekend. Today, the teacher won’t delay the class. Let’s go home early. Never leave your homework. By the way, it’s over, he remembered, it’s raining outside, so be sure to pay attention to safety on the way home.

Teacher, haven’t you left your homework yet? I didn’t know I didn’t leave my homework. You are so easy to get beaten, don’t you know? This is not just the end of the monthly exam. I think everyone did well in the exam, so I won’t leave any homework this time. Let’s relax and combine work and rest this Sunday. I object, teacher. You will delay our study too much. Do you want to hear what you are saying? Zi Xuan, don’t be a demon. You don’t want to rest. We want to rest. You idiot just want to play. Didn’t you know how many points you scored in the last exam?

Zi Xuan, don’t say that. I’m so proud that I’ve made great progress this time. It’s understandable to have a rest. No. Teacher, why are your requirements so low? Be strict with students, don’t you know? You also taught me a lesson. I don’t know about others. Anyway, if I don’t study for a day, I will feel uncomfortable all over and I can’t even sleep.

Zi Xuan, your grades seem to have regressed this time, right? I seem to have failed math. Right. So I strongly urge the teacher to leave us homework, and I will study hard when I go home. Okay, you asked for it. Zi Xuan, just finish this exercise book, and the others have no homework to go home. Man-eating goblin in the making.