General Office of the State Council on Printing and Distributing the Development Plan of New Energy Automobile Industry (2021

General Office of the State Council on Printing and Distributing New Energy Automobile Industry

Notice of Development Plan (2021-2035)

No.39 [2020] of the State Council

People’s governments of all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government, ministries and commissions and institutions directly under the State Council:

"New Energy Automobile Industry Development Plan (2021-2035)" has been approved by the State Council and is hereby issued to you, please implement it carefully.

the General Office of the State Council

October 20, 2020

(This piece is publicly released)

New Energy Automobile Industry Development Plan (2021-2035)

Developing new energy vehicles is the only way for China to move from a big automobile country to a strong automobile country, and it is a strategic measure to cope with climate change and promote green development. Since the State Council released the Development Plan of Energy Saving and New Energy Automobile Industry (2012-2020) in 2012, China has adhered to the strategic orientation of pure electric drive, and the development of new energy automobile industry has made great achievements, becoming one of the important forces in the development and transformation of the world automobile industry. At the same time, the development of new energy vehicles in China is also facing some problems, such as weak core technology innovation ability, imperfect quality assurance system, lagging infrastructure construction, imperfect industrial ecology and increasing market competition. This plan is formulated to promote the high-quality development of the new energy automobile industry and accelerate the construction of a powerful automobile country.

Chapter I Development Trend

Section 1 New energy vehicles inject new kinetic energy into world economic development

At present, a new round of global scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation are developing vigorously, and the integration of automobile and related technologies in energy, transportation, information and communication is accelerating. Electrification, networking and intelligence have become the development trend and trend of the automobile industry. New energy vehicles integrate new energy, new materials, Internet, big data, artificial intelligence and other revolutionary technologies, and promote the transformation of vehicles from simple means of transportation to mobile intelligent terminals, energy storage units and digital spaces, promote the transformation and upgrading of energy, transportation, information and communication infrastructure, and promote the optimization of energy consumption structure, the improvement of transportation system and the intelligent level of urban operation, which is of great significance to building a clean and beautiful world and a community of human destiny. In recent years, the world’s major automobile countries have strengthened their strategic planning and policy support, and multinational automobile companies have increased their investment in research and development and improved their industrial layout. New energy vehicles have become the main direction of the transformation and development of the global automobile industry and an important engine for promoting the sustained growth of the world economy.

Section 2 China’s new energy vehicles have entered a new stage of accelerated development

The automobile product form, transportation mode, energy consumption structure and social operation mode are undergoing profound changes, which provide unprecedented development opportunities for the new energy automobile industry. After years of continuous efforts, the technical level of China’s new energy automobile industry has been significantly improved, the industrial system has been improved day by day, and the competitiveness of enterprises has been greatly enhanced. Since 2015, the production, sales and ownership have ranked first in the world for five consecutive years, and the industry has entered a new stage of overlapping, convergence and development. We must seize the strategic opportunity, consolidate the good momentum, give full play to the advantages in the fields of infrastructure, information and communication, continuously enhance the core competitiveness of the industry, and promote the high-quality and sustainable development of the new energy automobile industry.

In the third quarter, integration and opening up have become the new characteristics of the development of new energy vehicles.

With the overall transformation of automobile power source, production and operation mode and consumption and use mode, the ecology of new energy automobile industry is gradually evolving from the "chain relationship" among parts, vehicle R&D, production and marketing service enterprises to the "network ecology" involving multi-subjects in automobile, energy, transportation, information and communication. Mutual empowerment and coordinated development have become the inherent needs of the development of various market players. Cross-industry and cross-field integration and innovation and more open and inclusive international cooperation have become the characteristics of the new energy automobile industry development, which greatly enhanced the industrial development momentum, stimulated market vitality and promoted the formation of a new industrial development pattern of mutual integration, symbiosis and win-win cooperation.

第二章 总体部署

第一节 总体思路


第二节 基本原则


Driven by innovation.In-depth implementation of the innovation-driven development strategy, the establishment of enterprise-oriented, market-oriented and Industry-University-Research-coordinated technological innovation system, improve the institutional environment for encouraging and protecting innovation, encourage the parallel development of various technological routes, support all kinds of entities to work together to overcome key core technologies, increase the innovation of business models, and form a new industrial innovation ecology.

Coordinated advancement.We will improve the coordination and promotion mechanism of horizontal cooperation and vertical penetration, promote the deep integration of new energy vehicles with energy, transportation and information communication, and make overall plans to promote technology research and development, standard formulation, popularization and application and infrastructure construction, so as to turn the super-large-scale market advantage into industrial advantage.

Open development.Practice the cooperative concept of openness, mutual benefit and win-win, expand high-level opening to the outside world, and promote reform, development and innovation through opening up; Adhere to the combination of "bringing in" and "going out", strengthen international cooperation, actively participate in international competition, cultivate new advantages in the new energy automobile industry, and deeply integrate into the global industrial chain and value chain system.

Section III Development Vision

By 2025, the competitiveness of China’s new energy vehicle market will be significantly enhanced, and major breakthroughs will be made in key technologies such as power batteries, drive motors and vehicle operating systems, and the safety level will be comprehensively improved. The average power consumption of new cars for pure electric passenger cars has dropped to 12.0 kWh/100 km, and the sales volume of new energy vehicles has reached about 20% of the total sales volume of new cars. Highly self-driving cars have been commercialized in limited areas and specific scenes, and the convenience of charging and replacing electricity services has been significantly improved.

After 15 years of continuous efforts, the core technology of new energy vehicles in China has reached the international advanced level, and the quality brands have strong international competitiveness. Pure electric vehicles have become the mainstream of newly sold vehicles, vehicles in public areas are fully electrified, fuel cell vehicles are commercialized, highly self-driving vehicles are applied on a large scale, the charging and replacing service network is convenient and efficient, and the construction of hydrogen fuel supply system is steadily promoted, effectively promoting energy conservation, drainage reduction and improvement of social operation efficiency.

Chapter III Improving the Ability of Technological Innovation

Section 1 Deepening the R&D Layout of "Three Verticals and Three Horizons"

Strengthen the innovation of vehicle integration technology.With pure electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid vehicles (including extended range vehicles) and fuel cell vehicles as "three verticals", the whole vehicle technology innovation chain is laid out. Research and develop a new generation of modular high-performance vehicle platform, tackle the integrated design of pure electric vehicle chassis and multi-energy power system integration technology, break through common energy-saving technologies such as intelligent energy management and control, lightweight and low friction, improve the safety technology level of battery management, charging connection and structural design, and improve the comprehensive performance of new energy vehicles.

Improve the industrial basic ability.Taking power battery and management system, drive motor and power electronics, networking and intelligent technology as "three horizontals", the technical supply system of key components is constructed. We will tackle key technical problems of advanced modular power batteries and fuel cell systems, explore solutions for a new generation of vehicle motor drive systems, strengthen the development of key components and systems of intelligent networked vehicles, break through bottlenecks such as basic platform technology for computing and control and supporting technology for hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, and enhance research and development capabilities such as basic key technologies, advanced basic processes, basic core components and key basic materials.

Section II Accelerating the Construction of Common Technology Innovation Platform

Establish and improve the joint research and development mechanism of leading enterprises, state key laboratories and national manufacturing innovation centers, focus on shortcomings and weaknesses such as core processes, special materials, key components and manufacturing equipment, actively explore from different technical paths, and improve the supply capacity of key common technologies. Guide cross-disciplinary cooperation in automobile, energy, transportation, information communication, etc., establish an innovative platform for the integration of new energy vehicles, smart energy and intelligent transportation for future travel, jointly tackle basic cross-cutting key technologies, and enhance the integration and innovation capabilities of new energy vehicles and related industries.

Section III Enhancing the Public Service Capability of the Industry

Relying on industry associations, innovation centers and other institutions to promote the co-construction and sharing of various innovative service platforms, and improve the support capabilities of public services such as technology transfer, information services, personnel training, project financing, and international exchanges. The application of virtual reality, big data, artificial intelligence and other technologies, the establishment of automotive electrification, networking, intelligent virtual simulation and test verification platform, improve the measurement test, performance evaluation and testing certification capabilities of the vehicle and key components.

Chapter IV Building a New Industrial Ecology

Section 1 Supporting the Development of Eco-oriented Enterprises

Encourage enterprises in the fields of new energy vehicles, energy, transportation, information and communication to cooperate across borders, focus on diversified production and application needs, and build an eco-leading enterprise covering key links in the industrial chain such as solutions, R&D and production, use guarantee and operation services through open cooperation and benefit sharing. In areas with good industrial foundation and concentrated innovation elements, leading enterprises should play a leading role, cultivate a number of new energy automobile industrial clusters with international influence and competitiveness, and promote the modernization level of industrial chain.

Section 2 Promoting the Innovative Application of Key Systems

Accelerate the development and application of vehicle operating system.Guided by the demand of vehicle enterprises, we will play the role of leading enterprises, national manufacturing innovation center and other innovation platforms, adhere to the coordinated research of software and hardware, and focus on the development of vehicle operating systems. Around the vehicle operating system, the development and application ecology of deep cooperation between market players in the fields of vehicle, key components, basic data and software will be built. Through rapid product iteration, the scale of users will be expanded and the industrial application of vehicle operating system will be accelerated.

Promote the development of the full value chain of power batteries.Encourage enterprises to improve the support capacity of key resources such as lithium, nickel, cobalt and platinum. Establish and improve the modular standard system of power batteries, accelerate the breakthrough of key manufacturing equipment, and improve the process level and production efficiency. Improve the recycling system of power battery recycling, cascade utilization and recycling, and encourage the co-construction and sharing of recycling channels. Establish and improve the management system of transportation, storage, maintenance, safety inspection, retirement and recycling of power batteries, and strengthen the supervision of the whole life cycle.

The third quarter to improve the level of intelligent manufacturing

Promote the in-depth application of intelligent technology in key links such as R&D and design, manufacturing, warehousing and logistics, operation and management, and after-sales service of new energy vehicles. Accelerate the development and integration of core industrial software such as simulation, management and control of intelligent manufacturing of new energy vehicles, and carry out application demonstrations of intelligent factories and digital workshops. Accelerate the popularization and application of the product lifecycle collaborative management system, support the construction of an integrated demonstration platform for design, manufacturing and service, and improve the intelligent level of the whole industrial chain of new energy vehicles.

Section IV Strengthening Quality and Safety Assurance

Promote the construction of quality brands.Carry out actions to improve the quality of new energy vehicle products, guide enterprises to strengthen the development and application of reliability technologies in the whole process of design, manufacturing, testing and verification, make full use of advanced technologies such as the Internet, big data and blockchain, and improve the quality control and traceability mechanism of products throughout their life cycle. Guide enterprises to strengthen brand development strategy and strengthen brand building with the focus on improving quality and service level.

Improve the security system.Implement a safe production mechanism that combines corporate responsibility, government supervision, industry self-discipline and social supervision. Strengthen the main responsibility of enterprises for product safety, implement the extended producer responsibility system, and strengthen the quality and safety management, safety status monitoring and maintenance inspection of key systems such as vehicle, power battery and electronic control. We will improve the safety standards and laws and regulations for new energy vehicles, such as complete vehicles, spare parts, maintenance and testing, charging and replacing electricity, and strengthen the supervision and management of production safety and the safety recall management of new energy vehicles. Encourage industry organizations to strengthen technical exchanges, sort out and sum up experience, and guide enterprises to continuously improve their safety level.

Chapter V Promoting Industrial Integration and Development

Section 1 Promoting the Integration of New Energy Vehicles and Energy

Strengthen the energy interaction between new energy vehicles and power grid (V2G).Strengthen the research of high cycle life power battery technology and promote the application of low power DC technology. Encourage local governments to carry out V2G demonstration applications, coordinate the demand for charging and discharging of new energy vehicles and power dispatching, and comprehensively apply policies such as peak-valley electricity price and preferential charging of new energy vehicles to realize efficient energy interaction between new energy vehicles and the power grid, reduce the electricity cost of new energy vehicles, and improve the response capabilities of power grid such as peak-shaving and frequency modulation, and safety emergency.

Promote efficient cooperation between new energy vehicles and renewable energy.Promote the information sharing and integration of new energy vehicles with meteorological and renewable energy power forecasting systems, coordinate the coordinated scheduling of energy utilization of new energy vehicles with wind power generation and photovoltaic power generation, and increase the proportion of renewable energy applications. Encourage the construction of "optical storage charging and discharging" (distributed photovoltaic power generation-energy storage system-charging and discharging) multifunctional integrated station. Support qualified areas to carry out commercial demonstration operation of fuel cell vehicles.

Section II Promoting the Integration of New Energy Vehicles and Transportation

Develop integrated smart travel services.Accelerate the construction of a new intelligent traffic control system covering front-end information collection, edge distributed computing and cloud collaborative control. Accelerate the application of new energy vehicles in time-sharing leasing, urban public transport, taxis, venue vehicles and other fields, and optimize the use environment of new energy vehicles in public services. Guide automobile production enterprises and travel service enterprises to build a "one-stop" service platform, and promote the development and application of parking service technology.

Constructing intelligent green logistics transportation system.Promote the application of new energy vehicles in urban distribution, port operations and other fields, and facilitate the passage of new energy trucks. Develop "internet plus" efficient logistics, innovate smart logistics operation mode, promote the application of new modes such as network freight and trailer sharing, and create a new format of safe and efficient logistics and transportation services.

Section III Promoting the Integration and Development of New Energy Vehicles and Information Communication

Promote the efficient collaboration of "people-vehicles-roads-clouds" with data as the link.Based on the information of automobile perception, traffic control and urban management, a multi-layer data fusion and computing platform of "people-vehicles-roads-clouds" will be built, and demonstration applications of specific scenes, regions and roads will be carried out to promote the innovation of new energy vehicles and information communication integration application services.

Create a network security system.Improve the network security management system of new energy vehicles, build a unified vehicle identity authentication and security trust system, promote the in-depth application of cryptographic technology, strengthen the safety detection of vehicle information systems, service platforms and key electronic components, strengthen the data classification and compliance application management of new energy vehicles, improve the risk assessment, early warning monitoring and emergency response mechanisms, and ensure the information security of "vehicle end-transmission pipeline network-cloud".

Section IV Strengthening Standard Docking and Data Sharing

Establish a comprehensive standard system for the integration and development of new energy vehicles and related industries, and clarify the technical interface standards such as vehicle operating system, vehicle basic map, vehicle pile information sharing, and cloud control basic platform. Establish a comprehensive big data platform across industries and fields to promote the co-construction, sharing and interconnection of all kinds of data.

Chapter VI Perfecting the Infrastructure System

Section 1 vigorously promote the construction of charging and replacing network

Accelerate the construction of infrastructure for charging and replacing electricity.Scientifically arrange the charging and replacing infrastructure, and strengthen the overall coordination with urban and rural construction planning, power grid planning, property management and urban parking. Relying on "internet plus" smart energy, improve the level of intelligence, actively promote the charging service mode in residential areas, accelerate the formation of highways and urban and rural public charging networks with moderate lead, fast charging and slow charging, encourage the application of power exchange mode, strengthen the research and development of new charging technologies such as intelligent and orderly charging, high-power charging and wireless charging, and improve the convenience of charging and product reliability.

Improve the service level of charging infrastructure.Guide enterprises to jointly establish a charging facility operation service platform to realize interconnection, information sharing and unified settlement. Strengthen the research and development of technologies such as safety monitoring and early warning of charging equipment and distribution system, standardize the use of electromagnetic spectrum of wireless charging facilities, improve the safety, consistency and reliability of charging facilities, and improve the level of service guarantee.

Encourage business model innovation.Combined with the renovation of old residential areas, urban renewal and other work, we will guide many parties to jointly carry out the construction and operation of charging facilities, and support the development of cooperation modes such as multi-vehicle and one pile in residential areas and sharing of adjacent parking spaces. Encourage the combination of charging stations and commercial real estate, build integrated parking and charging service facilities, enhance the charging service capacity of public places, and expand value-added services. Improve the insurance system of charging facilities to reduce the risks of enterprise operation and user use.

Section 2 Coordinating and Promoting the Construction of Intelligent Road Network Facilities

Promote the construction of a new generation of wireless communication network, and accelerate the formulation and technical upgrade of wireless communication (C-V2X) standards between vehicles and other devices outside the vehicle based on cellular communication technology. Promote the digital transformation and upgrading of road infrastructure such as traffic signs, strengthen the intelligent interconnection between traffic lights, traffic signs and markings, communication facilities, intelligent roadside equipment and vehicle-mounted terminals, and promote the formulation of relevant standards and the construction of management platforms for the intelligent construction and transformation of urban road infrastructure. Accelerate the construction of differential base stations and promote the application of satellite navigation systems such as Beidou in the field of high-precision positioning.

Section III Promoting the Construction of Hydrogen Fuel Supply System in an Orderly Way

Improve the economy of hydrogen fuel storage and transportation.According to local conditions, we will develop the application of industrial by-product hydrogen and renewable energy to make hydrogen, and accelerate the industrialization of advanced and applicable hydrogen storage materials. Carry out demonstration and application of various storage and transportation technologies such as high-pressure gas, deep cold gas, low-temperature liquid and solid, explore the construction of hydrogen fuel transportation pipelines, and gradually reduce the storage and transportation costs of hydrogen fuel. Improve the standard system of hydrogen fuel production, storage, transportation and filling. Strengthen the research on hydrogen fuel safety and strengthen the safety supervision of the whole chain.

Promote the construction of hydrogenation infrastructure.Establish and improve the management norms of hydrogenation infrastructure. Guide enterprises to rationally arrange hydrogenation infrastructure according to hydrogen fuel supply and consumption demand, and improve the level of safe operation. Support the use of existing sites and facilities to carry out comprehensive supply services of oil, gas, hydrogen and electricity.

Chapter VII Deepening Open Cooperation

Section 1 Expanding Opening-up, Exchanges and Cooperation

Strengthen the docking with the internationally accepted economic and trade rules, fully implement the pre-entry national treatment plus negative list management system, treat the main players in the new energy market equally, and build a market-oriented, legal and international business environment. Give play to the role of multi-bilateral cooperation mechanism and high-level dialogue mechanism, and support domestic and foreign enterprises, research institutes and industry institutions to carry out exchanges and cooperation in R&D and design, trade and investment, infrastructure, technical standards and personnel training. Actively participate in the formulation of international rules and standards, promote the formation of an open, transparent and inclusive international market environment for new energy vehicles, create a new platform for international cooperation, and add new impetus to common development.

Section II Accelerating Integration into Global Value Chains

Guide enterprises to formulate international development strategies, constantly improve their international competitiveness, increase the intensity of international market development, and promote industrial cooperation to extend from manufacturing links to technology research and development, marketing and other whole chains. Encourage enterprises to make full use of domestic and foreign funds and establish an international consumer credit system. Support enterprises to establish an international marketing service network and build overseas storage and after-sales service centers and other service platforms in key markets. Improve the service guarantee system such as legal consultation, testing and certification, and personnel training, guide enterprises to standardize overseas business practices, and improve compliance management.

Chapter VIII Safeguard Measures

Section 1 Deepening the Reform of Industry Management

We will further promote the "streamline administration, delegate power, strengthen regulation and improve services" reform, further relax market access, implement inclusive and prudent supervision, and promote the healthy and orderly development of new formats and models. We will improve the parallel management measures for the average fuel consumption of enterprises and the points of new energy vehicles, effectively undertake financial subsidy policies, and study and establish a linkage mechanism with the carbon trading market. Strengthen post-event supervision, consolidate local main responsibility, and curb chaos such as blindly launching new energy vehicle manufacturing projects. Promote the improvement of laws and regulations related to the production and management of road motor vehicles, establish and improve the exit mechanism of zombie enterprises, strengthen the supervision and inspection of the maintenance of enterprise access conditions, and promote the survival of the fittest. Give full play to the role of the market mechanism, support the merger and reorganization of advantageous enterprises, become bigger and stronger, and further improve industrial concentration.

Section 2 Improve the system of policies and regulations

Implement preferential tax policies related to new energy vehicles and optimize classified traffic management and financial services. Promote the scientific layout of infrastructure such as charging and replacing electricity and hydrogenation, speed up construction, and give financial support to the construction of charging piles as public facilities. Break local protection and establish a unified, open and fair market system. Encourage local governments to increase support for vehicle operations in public services, shared travel and other fields, and give preferential policies such as parking and charging for new energy vehicles. From 2021, the proportion of new energy vehicles in public areas such as public transportation, rental, logistics and distribution will be no less than 80% in the national ecological civilization experimental zone and key areas for air pollution prevention and control. Formulate specific measures to incorporate R&D investment in new energy vehicles into the assessment system of state-owned enterprises. Accelerate the improvement of policies and regulations such as road traffic, accident liability and data use that meet the development requirements of intelligent networked vehicles. Accelerate the legislation on the recycling of power batteries.

Section III Strengthening the Construction of Talent Team

Accelerate the establishment of a talent training mechanism to meet the needs of the integration and development of new energy vehicles and related industries, compile a catalogue of talents in short supply in the industry, optimize the discipline layout in the fields of automotive electrification, networking and intelligence, and guide universities, research institutes and enterprises to increase the introduction and training of international talents. Carry forward the entrepreneurial spirit and craftsman spirit, establish a positive incentive orientation, and implement diversified incentive measures such as equity and options.

Section IV Strengthening Intellectual Property Protection

We will further implement the national intellectual property strategy and encourage researchers to develop high-value core intellectual property achievements in the field of new energy vehicles. Strictly implement the intellectual property protection system and strengthen the enforcement of infringement. We will build an intellectual property operation service system for new energy vehicles, strengthen the construction of a patent application transformation platform, and establish a mutually beneficial sharing and win-win cooperation patent operation model.

Section 5 Strengthening organizational coordination

Give full play to the role of the inter-ministerial joint meeting system and local coordination mechanism for the development of energy-saving and new energy vehicle industries, strengthen departmental coordination and linkage, formulate annual work plans and departmental task division, strengthen the overall planning of new energy vehicles and energy, transportation, information and communication industries in terms of policy planning, standards and regulations, and pay close attention to the major tasks and key tasks determined by the plan. All relevant departments should focus on the planning objectives and tasks, and formulate their work plans and supporting policies and measures according to the division of functions. All regions should earnestly implement it in light of local conditions, optimize the industrial layout, and avoid redundant construction. Industry organizations should give full play to the role of a bridge between enterprises and the government, and coordinate the establishment of a cross-border exchange and cooperation platform for the industry. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology shall, jointly with relevant departments, conduct in-depth investigation and study, strengthen follow-up guidance, and promote the smooth implementation of the plan.