Thinking about One Royal Court: Practical Significance after 30 years

Editor’s note: This is a nostalgic theater.

In 1992, the legal drama File of Justice, produced by Gary Tang and starring Bobby Au—Yeung, Chen Xiuwen, Tao Dayu, Su Yongkang, Liu Meijuan and Luo Yingjun, premiered on TVB.

Poster of No.1 Imperial Court

This classic Hong Kong drama of 30 years ago was only a unit drama at first, with a short length of 13 episodes of 45 minutes each. Through 13 cases, it tells the story of several Hong Kong lawyers arguing in court and making love songs outside the court.

When casting the first part of "No.1 Imperial Court", the current first-line actors were not used, and almost all the leading characters were second-line and third-line. The first part was chosen to be broadcast on Sunday, and after going out of the street, it got the best ratings ever at the same time, so the second part was shot at an extra price, and it was still broadcast on Sunday. When the response was good, it was changed to prime time.

Because of the good ratings, from 1992 to 1997, "No.1 Imperial Court" was filmed as many as five films. From the first 13 episodes to the last 45 episodes in the fifth film, Bobby Au—Yeung, Tao Dayu, and Lin Baoyi, Wu Qihua and other actors who joined in one after another have also become Hong Kong’s teacher-milk killers. Going out to buy clothes can cause Filipino maids with a whole glass window to watch and take pictures, and the limelight is the same.

What kind of charm does "No.1 Imperial Court" have and can it become a classic in the eyes of the audience?

In 2017, the series of "No.1 Imperial Court" was replayed, and a group of actors reunited.

"Cheap Four", a laundry list of jokes.

On the video website, the author saw that some netizens posted a barrage, which was called "the humble quartet", that is, the four male characters who have been appearing as the main characters in this series-Yu Zaichun (Bobby Au—Yeung), Jiang Chengyu (Tao Dayu), lawyer Zhou Zhihui (Su Yongkang) and Zhou Wenbin (Luo Yingjun).

The four old friends and ghosts can be regarded as the "barrage" of this drama. They can make people laugh all night with a gag about blowing water, and they have nothing to do with stepping on their brothers and standing up for something, especially the spiteful Aben Yu Zaichun and the naughty Michael Jiang Chengyu.

It is a man’s nature to like Ye Pu. Most of the scenes in the play are concentrated in courts, bars and living room sofas at home, and the scale of conversation is also large. We talk about cases, each other and women, and we step on every sentence. Therefore, the "humble quartet" is named.

Bobby Au—Yeung plays Yu Zaichun.

In the 1990s, as a fashion drama showing the life of the middle class, No.1 Imperial Court can be said to be the originator of legal themes in Hong Kong. Although the female role changes like a lantern, the male role on the main line is always these four people.

The night talk of the four people in the bar shows the middle-class thinking and lifestyle at that time. They are sometimes chic, sometimes in trouble, sometimes male chauvinism, and sometimes they go around pick up hot chicks. They like to label people and hang around, and they always believe that they are good men. In the current language, they are four older "ordinary men".

Miraculously, once they switch back to the court mode, they will be as serious as the Yellow River, for money, for justice and for women.

For example, Ben, who clearly discriminates against people who are different from his sexual orientation in private, once he goes to court, he speaks for his clients with a pair of righteous words, in exchange for Michael’s grunting and supercilious eyes.

One minute it’s annoying, and the other minute it’s exciting. If it weren’t for Bobby Au—Yeung, someone else might not be able to perform such a joke, and he would have been scolded for ten blocks.

Jiang Chengyu’s classic lines: It’s not evidence, it’s doubt.

Michael is a young gentleman in the eyes of everyone. It is a daily thing to assemble bows in the west. He is a flower in the mouth. His speech is humorous and affectionate, and he is eloquent among the flowers, but he wants to stay naked.

Unfortunately, Michael’s destiny is a woman, a good-looking and bad karma woman. For two consecutive films, Liang Wanjing played the twin sisters, causing a rash, and each ending was either the defendant or the victim. Without these ill-fated sisters, Michael’s happiness index would be at least five stars.

However, the love of challenging is also the most attractive thing about Michael. Unlike Ben, he is not eager to label people. When something big happens, he can analyze the pros and cons without prejudice. In the quartet, Ben seems to be in control, but the real core is Michael, who is the person in the relationship. His sister and mother are also the main characters in the first three films, and most of the stories revolve around the Jiang family.

Uncle Raymond is a typical gentleman’s style, and it is also a standard object that meets the requirements of most girls in real life. However, in his personality, there is always an awkward energy that needs to be released, which makes him often hesitate when he meets feelings and often falls into a love triangle.

Old cousin Sir is an outsider’s perspective. Although he has a good relationship with the other three people, his talk and thinking are too grounded, his personality is careless, he is honest and honest, and he has a passion for handling cases, but he acts impulsively and his love is also hot.

Individualized female roles are frequent.

If the "humble quartet" is regarded as the pistachio of this play and the motivation for the author to open the play at first, then the independent and personalized female hosts are the key to attracting the author to keep watching it.

Helen in court

Michael’s sister Helen is the author’s favorite female character in this play. She is cheerful, confident, joking and approachable; In court, you can also be calm, neither humble nor supercilious, and speak for the parties. Liu Meijuan brought Jiang Chengzhou, a barrister, to life.

Especially when my boyfriend Zhou Shaocong (Jiang Zhiguang) cheated on me and pulled out the bad reason of "You are strong and you deserve to be dumped", Helen’s response won my heart-

"Just because I can bear the blow doesn’t mean I have to face this kind of pain."

Helen’s breakup declaration

Compared with many women in early TVB career dramas, Helen’s treatment is more pleasing. Unfortunately, I don’t know whether it’s the plot setting or the big change of blood in Casper, so this role will go to America in the fourth film.

Also leaving the drama in the later period, there is the only prosecutor who can control Ben, Ding Rou (Chen Xiuwen). Michelle, like Helen, is a female character who can best represent middle-class intellectuals in No.1 Imperial Court. She is decisive in her work, has emotional problems in private, and will not drag her feet.

The relationship between Michelle and Ben is also a highlight of the play. Although it seems that Ben loves more, without his knowledge, Michelle went overseas for medical treatment in order to give each other a chance to have children. Unfortunately, Ben didn’t cherish it. The derailed forensic doctor Yin Zhijie (Deng Cuiwen) eventually led to the end of their marriage.

Ben and Michelle have been in love for several years, and once entered the marriage, but their feelings were finally defeated by a third party.

In addition to Helen and Michelle in the first three films, there are also many impressive female characters in the fourth and fifth films: barrister Cheng Ruohui and sister Cheng Ruoxi played by Jessica Hester Hsuan and Chen Zhijing, barrister Ou Ziqiang played by Chen Huishan, forensic doctor Yin Zhijie played by Deng Cuiwen and so on. It is a pity that "No.1 Imperial Court" paid less attention to the law itself in the later period, and their play mainly focused on emotional entanglements. Instead, they lost their first appearance and became auxiliary.

"How many people have seen adore you’s face when he was young?"

In these five series of dramas, in addition to the original cast mentioned at the beginning of this article, there are many familiar faces you didn’t expect, and some of them became top singers in the future, such as Sammi Cheng and Faye Wong. Some Xipi are sentimental because of drama, such as Chen Zhijing and Tan Yaowen; Others work silently and finally get the respect, like Li Yaoxiang, who has a guest appearance in almost every movie …

In my opinion, one of the greatest values of "No.1 Imperial Court" is to preserve the beautiful face of a group of Hong Kong stars when they were young. Those actors who became famous later, when they were a walk-on, were cute, which can be said to be a must for all fans in archaeology.

Part I: Sammi Cheng, Li Yaoxiang, Ku Kui Kei, Chen Jieyi;

Part II: Faye Wong, Lin Jiadong, Li Yaoxiang, Jiang Zhiguang and Liang Wanjing;

Part III: Lin Baoyi, Lin Jiadong, Li Yaoxiang, Zhangyan, Yuan Fengying and Tan Yaowen;

Part IV: Lin Baoyi, Jessica Hester Hsuan, Deng Cuiwen, Chen Zhijing, Li Yaoxiang, Ma Junwei and Ruco Chan;

Part V: Lin Baoyi, Jessica Hester Hsuan, Ada Choi, Wu Qihua, Chen Huishan and Gai Minghui.

Many people don’t know that Sammi Cheng, the diva of music, once appeared in "No.1 Imperial Court 1", playing Fang Jiaqi, a fledgling intern lawyer, and had emotional entanglements with the three male actors in the play. First, she secretly fell in love with Ben, and then she was caught between Michael and Raymond. Sammi Cheng also sang "Love Me", the ending song of "No.1 Imperial Court 1".

Fang Jiaqi, played by Sammi Cheng, appeared in the first film. Although the fourth part of this role also returned, it was replaced by another actor.

Faye Wong, who is also the diva of the music world, also played Tang Yuwen, a competent prosecutor and appreciated by her boss, in No.1 Imperial Court 2, and she and Kianna were regarded as Raymond’s predecessors. This is one of the few TV dramas in Faye Wong. Chen Shaoqi wrote lyrics, Yuan Weiren composed music and Faye Wong sang "Perseverance", which also became the ending song of the play.

Faye Wong also appeared in the second film.

In "No.1 Imperial Court 3", Zhangyan, a man and woman familiar to mainland audiences, appeared. In fact, many viewers don’t know that her road to entertainment began with TVB. At first, Zhangyan joined TVB through a beauty contest in Guangdong. From 1993 to 1995, she participated in many Hong Kong dramas, and she was the innocent little nurse who chased after Tao Dayu and Bobby Au—Yeung successively in No.1 Imperial Court 3.

Bobby Au—Yeung, Zhangyan.

Among them, Li Yaoxiang, who has appeared most frequently, is the one who relies on the rosy business series. He plays different roles in different parts of the series "No.1 Imperial Court": some fall in love with female stars, but dare not let her testify in court as a time witness, and finally can only secretly watch her marry another woman’s underground lover; There are helpless people who dare not openly admit their ex-boyfriends in Hong Kong, where the folk customs were conservative at that time; There are also autistic otaku who are introverted at first, but have the courage to break through themselves and return to school, and finally return to school, and still have a beautiful woman.

Wayne Lai

In 2017, when the series of "No.1 Imperial Court" was replayed, many original guest actors also took screenshots to punch in and missed the lush years.

Ku Kui Kei guest karaoke singer.

Ruco Chan plays the little fresh meat.

The previous case was short and pithy, and the later case was filled with blood and love.

No matter from the content, plot setting or lineup, No.1 Imperial Court 4 is a watershed.

In the first three films, how short and pithy the case is, after the opening song of each episode, a subtitle will appear as the introduction of the episode. In terms of the case, it can be solved within half an hour, and the thinking is clear and concise. Even if the emotional drama is put aside, it is very enjoyable to watch the court drama cut. Because of one case and one episode, the handling of the case itself is also simple, and it is not slow. Even if there is a aftertaste, it will be explained quickly at the end.

Title subtitle

In terms of subject matter, there are many cases about female victims, and examples of domestic violence and rape are not uncommon. From a husband raping his wife to a father raping his daughter and a brother raping his sister, even Madam Lin Xueyi, played by Lin Yiqi, can’t escape the script of being humiliated, and shows her story to persuade female victims to testify in court.

Lin Xueyi (Lin Yiqi) tells the victim Wang Xueyi (Yuan Fengying) the story that she was raped.

In addition to paying attention to individual female cases, No.1 Imperial Court also pays attention to the big environmental problems that rural women groups encounter gender discrimination.

In the countryside, women have no status. In the village, they are discriminated against by men, treated unfairly, unable to inherit property, and beaten by their husbands when they can’t give birth to sons … Without legal protection, most women can only submit to it, submit to humiliation or go astray.

The female victim told her story with her mother in court.

Who knows, I was interrupted before I finished. As soon as the camera zoomed out, the male villager sitting behind protested, "Women are like this."

The women’s strength shown in it and encouraging women to speak out about the difficulties they face, whether it is the setting of the plot or the expression of lines, are also of practical significance even after 30 years.

As the second part of the drama was broadcast in 1993, when the death penalty was officially abolished in Hong Kong, with the promotion of the drama series, the No.1 Imperial Court also showed sentencing in different periods and regions.

Lines about "the death penalty"

In 1995, "No.1 Imperial Court 4" changed from a unit drama to a series for the first time, and the cases faced by the protagonist were more complicated. Therefore, in the role setting of the play, in addition to the established lawyers and policemen, the forensic doctor played by Deng Cuiwen was added as the main character for the first time.

In "No.1 Imperial Court 5", the drama series was expanded to 45 episodes at once, and Sir Bin was transferred to the Major Crimes Unit and became the subordinate of Xu Weijie (Wu Qihua), a senior inspector. The cases involved in the drama were even bloodier, and the rape case was suddenly upgraded to a serial murder case and a field dismemberment case, and the shooting scale of the modus operandi was also larger.

In Part Four and Part Five, No.1 Imperial Court has a controversial villain: Fang Weihao played by Lin Baoyi. From the point of view of right and wrong, Kelvin should be hated, but no matter how many mistakes he has made, he always has a sincerity that does not match his IQ with the woman he loves. He treats Zhijie like this, and so does Yingying. Abuse to the extreme, the love of moths to the fire, really makes people hate it.

Ben, Michael and Kelvin.

Whether it is Ben, Michael or Kelvin, in the "Gary Tang Universe", most of the male characters they created have a lot of problems, but they always maintain a childlike heart. "I smoke and drink, but I am a good man." Even if it is bad, it will not be bad to the end.

And Xu Weijie, is a special case.

The role of Mr. Xu is the biggest reason why the author insists on finishing the fifth part. He worked as an undercover in the underworld for many years, and returned to the police force as a senior inspector after catching the prisoner. But his body, but not the kind of temperament that the public thought, but was performed by Wu Qihua as a kind of bookish, gentle and gentle, as if he could be calm in the face of anything except family.

He was abandoned by his biological mother since he was a child. Many years later, his biological mother came to see him. He was also kind and accepted his mother without any resentment. Especially when the two met again, his crying scene was delicate and slightly sad and regrettable, which made people feel distressed.

The crying scene of Wu Qihua’s reunion with his biological mother

Sir Xu’s kindness and righteousness to the young and dangerous brothers who saved themselves and killed others, though worth a thousand dollars, cannot be shaken by it. Black is black, white is white, and he has long recognized it.

One thing said, this brotherhood of Xu Sir is quite good.

Xu Weijie, arguably the most perfect of Wu Qihua’s many roles, can hardly find anything wrong. Unfortunately, such perfection will eventually be broken and make way for the protagonist. In the end, Sir Xu died tragically, and thomas lee, Ada Choi’s girlfriend, went far away, went for a walk and followed Ben again. Perhaps, some roles just hurt the audience.

Although the case has escalated, the emotional drama of the last two "No.1 Imperial Court" is also more obvious. I am afraid that two-thirds of the 45-episode drama is about love, and only one-third is still talking about the case, which really falls into the court drama and has less weight. If the romance is good, it’s just that. Unfortunately, the rhythm of the emotional drama is not good, especially at the end, several pairs of Xipi broke up inexplicably and got back together without warning. The degree of dog blood is really confusing.

Although the plot structure is not perfect, it is because of dog blood that the ratings of "No.1 Imperial Court" are still good after five films. In 1998, the second year after Hong Kong’s return to China, producer Gary Tang used several leading characters of No.1 Imperial Court 5 in medical drama’s A Wonderful Hand and a Kind Heart, such as Wu Qihua, Lin Baoyi, Ada Choi, Chen Huishan, Su Yongkang, Ma Junwei, Chen Zhijing, etc., and was able to make new achievements in the play. TVB also set sail in the era of big drama in workplace drama.

Poster of "Wonderful Hands and Kindness"

Bobby Au—Yeung and Lin Baoyi were also rare together as the awarding guests at the award ceremony of Wan Qian Xing Hui held in January this year. They mentioned the time when they filmed "No.1 Imperial Court" together, and cued Tao Dayu, who was not present, but became popular because of "Inverted Earth".

Lin Baoyi and Bobby Au—Yeung were honored guests.

After 30 years, many criminal investigation methods and interrogation techniques in No.1 Imperial Court seem too simple. If we use today’s forensic technology and big data information to reorganize those cases, it will probably save a lot of detours.

Just like today’s us, it is hard to believe that a person can not change his phone number for decades. The contact information of the people in the play, such as call machine, landline, telephone booth and mobile phone without caller ID, makes people miss many opportunities, which are emotional and emotional.

However, in that environment of that year, the details of the chain of evidence, which were run, checked and dug out a little bit, were simple but sincere. Reminiscent sincerity. Many cases in the play, whether it is criminal investigation itself or court drama, have left many classic models for later similar themes.

Love, too, the protagonists are on and off, going around, sad and hurting. What you get as easy as blowing off dust may not be cherished.

If one day, you overhear Dim Lights, What Will I Do, or That’s Why You Go Away, you might as well look back at the play and relive those people and things.

[Specially published by Shanghai Literature and Art Review Special Fund]

The 2018 national examination was held today: more than 28,000 people were recruited and nearly 1.66 million people applied for it.

  BEIJING, Dec. 10 (Shang Qi) Today, the 2018 written examination for civil servants of central organs and their directly affiliated institutions will be held. More than 120 central authorities, their directly affiliated institutions and units managed with reference to the Civil Service Law participated in this national examination, and it is planned to recruit more than 28,000 people. In the end, 1,659,700 people passed the registration qualification examination, an increase of 173,400 compared with last year, and the ratio of the number of people who passed the qualification examination to the number of employment plans was 58: 1.

  It is planned to recruit more than 28,000 people and nearly 1.66 million people passed the registration review.

  At 9: 00 this morning, the 2018 written national examination will be held simultaneously in provincial capitals and individual large cities. More than 120 central authorities, their directly affiliated institutions and units managed according to the Civil Service Law participated in this national examination, and it is planned to recruit more than 28,000 people.

  According to the statistics of the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, a total of 1,659,700 people finally passed the qualification examination of employers in the registration process, an increase of 173,400 compared with 1,486,300 last year, and the ratio of the number of qualified people to the number of employment plans was 58: 1.

  However, the number of people who pass the registration is not the number of people who finally take the exam, because in recent years, there has been a phenomenon of "abandoning the exam" in the national examination.

  Taking the 2017 national examination as an example, official data show that 1,486,300 people passed the qualification examination of the recruitment agency, 1,137,000 people paid for the written examination, and 984,000 people actually took the examination, with a reference rate of about 86.58%, which means that more than 500,000 candidates "abandoned the examination" last year.

  China News Agency issued Meng Delong photo

  What subjects should be tested in the written national examination?

  According to the previously published recruitment announcement, this morning at 9:00— At 11:00, there will be an administrative professional ability test, and at 14:00— At 17:00, the application exam will be held.

  In addition, in some positions, in addition to the public subject examination, the "2+X" examination mode is also implemented, that is, in addition to the administrative professional ability test and the application examination, candidates also need to take the professional subject examination or the foreign language proficiency test.

  According to the recruitment announcement, those who apply for eight non-common language positions such as Japanese and French in the International Liaison Department of the Central Committee and the Central Compilation Bureau will first take the foreign language proficiency test on the afternoon of December 9.

  In addition, those who apply for special professional positions in China Banking Regulatory Commission, China Securities Regulatory Commission and its dispatched institutions and people’s police positions in public security organs will take the professional subject examination on the afternoon of December 9, and their professional subject examination results will be announced together with the public subject examination results, and the comprehensive written test results will be synthesized according to the proportion of each.

  Strict examination discipline, multi-sectoral crackdown on cheating

  Every year, the national examination and examination discipline have been repeatedly emphasized by the government. On the eve of this national examination, the website of the National Civil Service Bureau issued a special reminder, expecting the majority of candidates who are interested in becoming civil servants to start from themselves and apply in good faith.

  Before the exam, the National Civil Service Bureau suggested that candidates should strictly abide by the exam discipline, take no prohibited items, do nothing against discipline, take no chances, engage in fraud, properly protect their exam papers and answer information, and resolutely resist any ugly illegal acts such as cheating by any group and using various means. Don’t spread or disseminate test questions after the exam, and don’t participate in irresponsible comments on the Internet.

  The National Civil Service Bureau also reminded candidates that on the day of the examination, the competent civil service department will closely monitor the examination room and the surrounding environment in conjunction with the public security organs and radio management departments to crack down on cheating in the examination.

  In addition, the National Civil Service Bureau hopes that the majority of candidates, especially those who enter the post-interview stage, will not give up their interview qualifications and admission qualifications at will, so as not to miss the opportunity to realize their career ideals and affect the rights and interests of other candidates and the normal recruitment needs of recruitment agencies.

  Check the results in the middle and late January next year

  According to the recruitment announcement issued before, the Central Organization Department, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security and the National Civil Service Bureau will study and determine the minimum qualified score line after the written examination of public subjects in the national examination today. There will be differences between the qualified scores of posts above the provincial level and those below the prefecture level.

  In addition, positions in the western region and hard and remote areas, grass-roots positions and special professional positions, etc., will be given policy inclination when drawing the minimum qualified score line.

  In the middle and late January of 2018, candidates can log on to the special website with their ID number and admission ticket number to inquire about the written test scores of public subjects, the minimum qualified scores and the list of interviewers.

  After the written test results are announced, the central civil servant department will determine the proportion of interviewers according to the Recruitment Guide, and the specific interview time will be determined by the recruitment agency, generally before the end of March 2018. (End)

The first snow in 2024 is coming, and these areas need to pay attention to prevention →

Today (13th) morning, fog with visibility less than 1km appeared in many parts of the country.The Central Meteorological Observatory continued to issue yellow fog warning.
From today to the 15th, a cold air will bring strong winds and cool weather to most parts of the north.. Affected by cold air, the haze weather in North China, Huanghuai, Jianghuai and other places will gradually weaken and dissipate from the daytime on the 14th.

Affected by cold air

Since the 14th, haze in North China and other places has gradually dissipated.


The Central Meteorological Observatory predicts that there will be foggy weather in Hebei, Shandong, Jiangsu, Anhui and other places from the night of the 13th to the morning of the 14th, including parts of southern Hebei, northern and southwestern Shandong and eastern Henan.Strong fog with visibility less than 200 meters,There is a very strong fog with visibility less than 50 meters in the local area.
In addition, the coastal waters in the south of Shandong Peninsula, the coastal waters in the southeast of Jiangsu, the coastal waters in the east of Zhejiang and the waters near the Yangtze River estuary will haveFog with visibility less than 1 km.
From 13th to 15th, a cold air will affect most parts of northern China.There will be a temperature drop of 4 ~ 8℃ in the eastern part of northwest China and most areas north of the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. The temperature drop in some areas such as central Inner Mongolia and Huanghuai can reach 10 ~ 14℃, and in some areas it can exceed 14℃, accompanied by northerly winds of 4 ~ 6.
Affected by cold air, from the day of the 14 th, North China, Huanghuai, Jianghuai and other placesHaze weather will gradually weaken and dissipate from north to south.
Meteorological department remindsThe public should pay attention to temperature changes, add clothes in time, and take measures to prevent wind and cold. At the same time, pay attention to the adverse effects of low visibility on traffic travel and pay attention to travel safety.The public in North China, Huanghuai, Jianghuai and other places need to do a good job in respiratory protection and minimize outdoor sports.

From the 15th

China will usher in a large-scale rain and snow weather process.


In terms of precipitation, the Central Meteorological Observatory predicts that,From 15th, affected by cold and warm air, China will have a large-scale rain and snow weather process.
It is predicted that a large-scale rain and snow weather process will occur in the central and eastern regions of China from 15th to 18th, with the joint efforts of cold and warm air currents.Most of northwest China, western and southern North China are dominated by small to medium snow; There is rain in eastern Gansu, south-central Shaanxi, most of Henan, Shandong and other places, or the rain turns to medium snow, and there is heavy snow or blizzard in the local area.
The accumulated precipitation in the above areas is 1 ~ 5 mm, and the local area is 8 ~ 15 mm; The newly added snow depth is 1 ~ 3 cm, and the local area is more than 5 cm.
The snowfall from 15th to 16th was mainly located in Shaanxi, Shanxi, northern Henan and other places. On 17th, the snowfall was reduced.On the 18th, the snowfall expanded again., mainly located in the eastern part of northwest China to the northern part of Huanghuai.
From the day of 15th to the morning of 16th, in southwestern Shaanxi, western Henan, northwestern Hubei and other places.There may be freezing rain in the local area..
Meteorological department remindsSome areas in Gansu, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan, Shandong, Hubei and other places are at risk of snowstorm, freezing rain and snow at low temperature.The public should pay attention to the adverse effects of low visibility, snow and ice on traffic caused by rain and snow, and pay attention to travel safety.
Source: China Weather Network of Central Meteorological Observatory.
Producer: Liang Bingqing Editor: Liu Wanru
Reporting/feedback

Thai girls in China: Traditional culture and beautiful scenery are fascinating.

  Changchun, Nov. 26 (Reporter Lu Shengnan) "China is rich in cultural landscape and magnificent natural scenery, which should be shared more." Li Jiameng, a Thai girl majoring in tourism management at Jilin International Studies University, said that after coming to China, she fell in love with the culture and beautiful scenery here. In the future, she would like to see more of this country and introduce what she saw, heard and learned to her friends.

  “‘ What are you doing ’ It is the first China northeast dialect I learned, which I think is very fun. " Li Jiameng has a talent for languages. She passed the Chinese proficiency test in three years and successfully applied for a scholarship to study in China. At school, Li Jiameng registered a short video account to share her study and life experience in China. Beijing, Guangdong, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Yunnan … … Since 2023, Li Jiameng has been traveling all over China. She told reporters excitedly, "It’s the most unforgettable thing to take pictures in Hanfu in the Palace Museum."

  Photo courtesy of respondents

  Li Jiameng said that she is looking forward to tasting delicious food all over China. "Traveling not only enjoys the beautiful scenery of China, but also tastes the delicious food from all over the world." To this end, every time when designing a travel route, Li Jiameng is used to collecting more food information in advance, in addition to looking for a tour guide for local tourist attractions.

  The profound traditional culture of China fascinated Li Jiameng. She experienced the Dragon Boat Festival and the Mid-Autumn Festival at school, making dumplings, eating moon cakes and making rabbit lanterns … … All this is novel to this Thai girl. "China’s traditional culture is thick, elegant and so charming. I hope to know more."

  In her spare time, Li Jiameng likes to walk out of school and take the subway or light rail to shuttle between cities. She admits that China’s public transportation is very developed, which is convenient and environmentally friendly. "During my travels in many cities, I was deeply impressed by the developed public transportation. The development of tourism is closely related to transportation. "

  Li Jiameng is taking the subway. Photo by Lu Shengnan

  Li Jiameng sings very well. Every time the school holds an activity, her singing is indispensable. She can almost sing melodious Chinese songs such as "You at the same table" and "Confession Balloon". Li Jiameng believes that singing Chinese songs is a way to learn Chinese better.

  Changchun, Jilin has four distinct seasons. In a blink of an eye, autumn passed, and the fluttering snowflakes announced the arrival of winter. This winter is Li Jiameng’s first "freezing" winter, so she prepared a lot of winter clothes in advance, many of which were bought by teachers and classmates.

  Li Jiameng said that she will not go back to Thailand this winter vacation, but will continue to stay in China to enjoy the winter fun. The snow season is coming soon, and Li Jiameng is very much looking forward to experiencing skiing. Li Jiameng said that she made a lot of strategies in advance, knowing that Jilin Province is located in the "golden latitude zone of ice and snow" and is rich in ice and snow resources. "I look forward to skiing and ice appreciation in this winter."

  This year, Thailand has launched a series of promotional activities to attract more China tourists to Thailand. Li Jiameng believes that Thailand and China are both countries with very developed tourism, and frequent tourist exchanges between the two countries are mutually beneficial and win-win.

  Li Jiameng is making rabbit lanterns. Photo by Lu Shengnan

  "After the opening of the Sino-Thai Railway, the communication will be smoother." Li Jiameng said that his goal is to become a tour guide, taking tourists from Thailand and China to fully experience different natural landscapes and historical cultures. (End)

"Old House" Becomes "New House" More than 600 households in Chongqing have a group dinner together.

The picture shows the community residents getting together to pack jiaozi. Photo by zhōng·yǐ
(Going to the Grassroots in the Spring Festival) "Old Houses" Become "New Houses" More than 600 households in Chongqing have a reunion dinner together.
Zhongxin. com, Chongqing, January 16 th Title: "Old House" has changed into "New House". More than 600 households in Chongqing have a group dinner together.
Zhongxin. com reporter zhōng·yǐ
Bao jiaozi, writing Spring Festival couplets, painting sugar people … On the 16th, in Xingjiaqiao Community, Renhe Street, Liangjiang New District, Chongqing, there was a surge of "flavor of the year" everywhere. More than 600 households in the community gathered together to share the reunion dinner, raise a glass to celebrate the change of hundreds of households’ "old houses" into "new houses", and "happily move to new homes and celebrate the New Year" to wish a better life in the future.
The picture shows the activities of writing Spring Festival couplets in the community. Photo by zhōng·yǐ
The resettlement houses in Xingjiaqiao community have just undergone a comprehensive renovation project that lasted for nearly a year, which has improved the problems of old houses, old hospitals, old houses, old facilities and poor living environment in this area. At the beginning of 2020, the comprehensive renovation of 488 residential houses in the community was gradually completed, and residents moved back to their new homes one after another.
The picture shows more than 600 households in the community gathered together to share the reunion dinner. Photo by Zhong Xin
Through the photo exhibition, video materials and lively reunion dinner set up on the spot, the reporter felt the great changes in the lives of the residents in the area and their joy on their faces.
Xingjiaqiao Community is one of the earliest development and construction areas in the whole Liangjiang New Area. The community resettlement house was built in 1992, and it is a multi-storey brick-concrete structure commercial and residential building. Due to the early development and construction, it is obviously difficult to compare the planning layout, housing standards and materials used in the resettlement housing area with those in the modern community. In addition, after more than 20 years of baptism, the area has changed from a "new village" that everyone yearns for to an old old street.
The picture shows more than 600 households in the community gathered together to share the reunion dinner. Photo by Zhong Xin
"There are poor supporting facilities, poor security, poor municipal foundation, poor sanitary environment and poor living conditions. The poor living environment makes residents strongly hope to change the status quo." Xie Lan, secretary of the Party Committee of Xingjiaqiao Community, who has been rooted in the community for 17 years, said that 465 of the 488 houses leaked to varying degrees, and the walls and roofs of the living room and bedroom fell off; Cover the bed with film to keep out dust during the day, and lift it at night to sleep. From time to time, large pieces of dust and sand fall off the roof, which makes you sleepy. Cooking and cooking in the kitchen often leaves dust, adding some "seasoning" to the dishes; Don’t even dare to go to the toilet for a while, or you’ll have to take an umbrella and wear a straw hat. These are the true portrayal of residents’ life before the renovation of old houses.
All this is due to a policy that ushered in a "turning point"-in 2017, the Chongqing Municipal Party Committee and the Municipal Government included the renovation and upgrading of old residential areas in the urban upgrading action plan, and Xingjiaqiao community was included in the comprehensive renovation scope, involving 488 sets of resettlement houses, 91 facades and 1,422 people. The Management Committee of the Party Working Committee of Liangjiang New Area decided to renovate the area with the concept of urban repair and ecological restoration and the principles of safety, functionality, practicality, appreciation and economy.
At the end of 2018, the pilot building of Xingjiaqiao Community Comprehensive Improvement Project started. In March 2019, the comprehensive improvement project was officially launched.
It is worth mentioning that in the process of promoting the renovation of Xingjiaqiao’s old house, Xie Lan and his team worked with the spirit of "5+2" and "white+black", and reversed the residents’ attitude by organizing residents’ meetings, visiting door to door, customizing the plan for one household and decorating the model room. After being diagnosed with lung cancer, Xie Lan insisted on working despite illness, and won with tenacity, ingenuity, strength and enthusiasm.
On January 13th, 2020, Ms. Luo, the last resident who signed the resettlement house renovation project in Xingjiaqiao Community, Renhe Street, Liangjiang New District, came to the community office to sign the consent form for the renovation. It marks that the consent rate of Xingjiaqiao community home improvement project has reached 100%.
According to reports, the renovated Xingjiaqiao community will enjoy a five-story community service center, add about 800 parking spaces and build a new community park of 4,000 square meters to provide residents with a safe, convenient, comfortable and livable living environment.
Braised pork with plum vegetables, round brown sugar dumplings symbolizing family reunion, and roast duck with special characteristics indicating the future prosperity … At the scene, residents of Xingjiaqiao community sat together, sipping delicious dishes and toasting each other, and the laughter and blessings merged together, and the delicious dishes conveyed friendship and were filled with happiness and warmth.
"The renovation has not been completed yet, and we can’t relax. We will start a new task tomorrow. I want to thank the residents for their trust and support. In the future, I will, as always, stick to my original heart and always stand with the residents to contribute my modest strength to the bright future of Xingjiaqiao. " Xie Lan said.
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What kind of romantic collision will there be when the nickname of winter meets the winter scenery of Linxia?

these two days

Do you have a cold wind and snowflakes rustling there?

Winter has arrived, and everything is hidden.

Flip through ancient books

Once again intoxicated with the beauty of ancient Chinese!

Everything in the world, vegetation falling, spring, summer, autumn and winter

All have unique and elegant names endowed by the ancients.

12 nicknames about winter

Meet twelve winter scenes in Linxia.

What kind of romantic collision will there be?

Let’s have a look!

The ancients took October of the lunar calendar as Meng Dong, November as Midwinter, and December as Ji Dong, and collectively referred to the three months as "three winters" to refer to winter.

There are 90 days in three months in winter, so winter is also called "Nine winters".

"Strict" has the meaning of "deep degree", so "severe winter" has become another generation of extremely cold winter.

Everything is depressed in winter, and it is cold between heaven and earth, so winter is also called "clear winter".

"Xuan" is black. In ancient times, the four directions were the four seasons, and the northern winter was black, so winter was also called "Xuandong".

"Poor" means nothing. Winter is the last season of the year, so it is called "poor winter".

In ancient times, spring and summer were sunny, autumn and winter were cloudy, and winter was the last season of the year, so it was called this.

"Sui Shu Records Fifteenth Astronomical Seven Obsidian" contains: "The sun travels eastward along the ecliptic, once a day and once a night, 365 days are strange and Sunday. Traveling to the east is called spring … Traveling to the north is called winter ".

Er Ya Shi Tian says, "Winter is Xuan Ying". Therefore, it is called winter by later generations.

Note: Xuan, color of winter, sequence, season. Use "Xuan Xu" to call winter people.

Source: The Book of Beginners, Volume III, quoted the Compilation of Emperor Liang Yuan of the Southern Dynasties: "Winter is called Xuan Ying … Festival is called Yan Festival."

The ancients had the so-called "three redundancies" in reading. The rest: in winter, after the year, in the night, after the day, and in rainy days. The winter reading in "spare time" is the best.

Source: Linxia Zhourong Media Center

Editor: Ren Li

Check: Zhang Haipeng.

Original title: "What kind of romantic collision will there be when the elegant name of winter meets the winter scenery of Linxia? 》

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How will real estate develop in the next five years? It must be transferred!

In Report to the 20th CPC National Congress, CPC, the development direction of real estate was expounded under the general framework of "enhancing people’s livelihood and improving people’s quality of life". Specifically, it was put forward that the house should be used for living, not for speculation, and the housing system with multi-subject supply, multi-channel guarantee and simultaneous rent and purchase should be established.
How will this affect the housing system and the development of the real estate market in China?
Reiterate that "housing is not speculation"
Since the end of 2016, the Central Economic Work Conference first put forward the position that "houses are used for living, not for speculation", and "houses are not used for speculation" was also written into the report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in October 2017.
"In the past few years, despite the ups and downs of the real estate industry, the central government has supported all localities to optimize the property market regulation policies due to urban policies, and’ staying in the house and not speculating’ has always been the policy to stick to the bottom line." Chen Wenjing, director of market research in the Index Division of the Central Finger Research Institute, believes that after years of development, the concept of "housing without speculation" has been deeply rooted in the hearts of the people and has become a social consensus. Buyers have become more rational in buying their own homes, and the residential properties of housing have been continuously strengthened.
Chen Wenjing said that Report to the 20th CPC National Congress Middle School once again emphasized that "houses are for living, not for speculation", which showed the firm policy. At the same time, it also means that "houses are not for speculation" will become the long-term orientation of China’s real estate industry, and then the foothold of real estate development will focus more on protecting people’s livelihood and improving quality.
"In the future, reasonable housing demand will still be the main target of policy support and encouragement. There is still room for the release of rigid and improved housing demand, especially the people’s need for a better life is increasingly extensive, and improved housing demand may become the key support of the market." Chen Wenjing said.
Let’s talk about "rent and purchase simultaneously"
In addition to "housing is not speculation", "renting and purchasing at the same time" is also a familiar formulation.
Report to the 20th CPC National Congress’s statement of "accelerating the establishment of a housing system with multi-agent supply, multi-channel guarantee and simultaneous rent and purchase" is consistent with the report of the 19th National Congress.
"The focus of work is not where to go, but how to go." Yan Yuejin, research director of the think tank center of Yiju Research Institute, said that this fully shows that the housing system reform in the next five years will come down in one continuous line with the thinking of the 19th National Congress, that is, the general direction will remain unchanged.
Li Yujia, the chief researcher of the Housing Policy Research Center of Guangdong Provincial Planning Institute, also believes that this aspect shows that the housing system with both rent and purchase must be promoted with the strategic thinking of waiting for time; On the other hand, the construction of this system needs a process to achieve the real simultaneous development of "rent" and "purchase".
But there are also differences behind the same expression.
Yan Yuejin pointed out: In the report of the 19th National Congress, the reform of the housing system was discussed under the framework of "improving security and improving people’s livelihood"; Report to the 20th CPC National Congress is carried out under the framework of "enhancing people’s livelihood and improving people’s quality of life". It can be seen that on the basis of protecting people’s livelihood, improving quality is also an important content. In other words, the housing system reform should take into account the dual goals of protecting people’s livelihood and improving quality.
Li Yujia further analyzed and pointed out that the top-level thinking of housing work in the new era is very clear, that is, "housing and living without speculation" and "renting and purchasing simultaneously". The former is the overall situation of housing work, and it is the top-level guidance for the whole country to carry out industry and market management, innovate management mode and long-term mechanism, and promote the construction of new housing system and system; The latter is the top-level design for China to further promote the reform of housing system, explore new models of real estate development and promote the high-quality development of housing.
"Rent and purchase simultaneously" is expected to accelerate.
At the end of 2015, the Central Economic Work Conference mentioned the development of the housing rental market for the first time, and emphasized that the development of the housing rental market was significantly accelerated after "both rent and purchase" was established as the main direction of China’s housing system reform.
"At present, China has initially formed a good trend of multi-agent development of rental housing. State-owned leasing enterprises have played a leading, standardizing, activating and regulating role in the market, and more specialized and institutionalized housing leasing enterprises have actively participated in market construction." Zhao Ran, dean of ICCRA Housing Leasing Industry Research Institute, said.
"Since the second half of last year, the state has taken substantial steps in promoting the construction of affordable housing, lowering the threshold for new citizens to settle down, leasing can be settled in collective households, building rental communities, and combining rent and purchase." Li Yujia believes that the construction of the housing system with both rent and purchase will be accelerated in an all-round way in the next five years with the joint efforts of relevant subjects.
"To develop the housing rental market, especially long-term leasing, the key lies in providing large-scale and professionally managed housing through multiple channels, expanding the effective supply of rental housing and enhancing the sustainability of development." Zhao Ran proposed that all localities should incorporate new rental housing into housing development planning and reasonably determine the scale of rental housing construction in combination with factors such as housing supply and demand.
"More importantly, as the real estate market in China gradually changes from an incremental market to a stock market, we can actively revitalize the stock assets through the transformation of stock houses, so that the supply of rental housing can move towards a sustainable development path." Zhao Ran said.
(China News Network)
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Karen Mok hosted a banquet for the staff to eat the New Year’s dinner, draw a lottery and give a big red envelope.


Karen Mok and his work partners have a reunion dinner and a big red envelope.

  Karen Mok, who has just finished her work at hand and is going back to Europe to spend the Lunar New Year with her husband, recently hosted a group of hard-working colleagues in Hong Kong for a "reunion dinner" in advance to thank them for their support and help. Karen prepared a lot of seafood and restaurant specialties to greet everyone. The most delicious and popular is the traditional Hong Kong-style "bacon clay pot rice". For the first time, as a newly-married wife, Perry distributed red envelopes to every friend present, and specially selected three New Year ornaments as lucky draw gifts. Everyone was very happy and promised Karen that she would always support her in her career. 

  Karen said that her working partners have been her pillars for many years. Without them, she would never have achieved what she is today. In 2012, she also has many plans to realize. First, the new album will be recorded at the end of February, which is very challenging and a very shocking project for her. However, Karen can’t disclose the details for the time being and will not announce it until the time is ripe. In addition, the Hollywood film Tai Chi Xia, which was filmed with Keanu Reeves, will also start shooting. She said that she is looking forward to this cooperation, and she should also start exercising recently to meet a series of work. However, she said that no matter how busy the work is, the time spent with her husband must be arranged. She has already agreed with her agent that she must not "exploit" her family fun time! 

Photo courtesy of TUNGSTAR, copyrighted pictures, refused to reprint.
 

Spanish priest falls in love with a beautiful girl in Paiwan, leaving a sad story (Figure)

  


  Pan Mingfu (right) and his biological father Father Su Shilang (left) both have the handsome appearance of European men with straight noses and heavy eyebrows.


  


    Lai Guihua, the mother who fell in love with the priest, was a beautiful woman in the tribe at that time, with a delicate face and a slender figure and a height of about 160 centimeters.


    BEIJING, March 19 (Xinhua)-Pan Mingfu, the curly and tall principal of Wutan Primary School in Taiwu Township, Pingtung County, Taiwan, decided to unlock the heart lock for half a century. He said: "I am the crystallization of love between the Spanish priest Su Shilang who came to Taiwan to preach and Lai Guihua, a girl from Paiwan."


    According to Taiwan Province’s United Daily News, The Thorn Birds, one of the top ten best-selling novels in the United States in the 1980s, described the story that Father Ralph fell in love with a woman Maggie and gave birth, and it was made into a movie. Pan Mingfu, 53, said that the plot of his life is more tortuous than that of The Thorn Birds.


    Church priests can’t get married. In the remote mountainous area of Pingtung, the love story between Su Shilang and Lai Guihua not only touched church taboos, but also made it difficult to accommodate closed ethnic tribes.


    "The times have become more open, and my life topic has to be lifted." Pan Mingfu told his life story yesterday. He opened his notebook and said that his biological father Su Shilang was a Catholic Dominican priest. He was only thirty-four years old when he was sent to Jiaping Village in Taiwu Township in 1953. According to records, Su Shilang was the first priest in Taiwan Province Mountain area.


    The older local people still remember this priest: Su Shilang can speak fluent Minnan and Paiwan dialect. After a year of missionary work, she fell in love with Lai Guihua, a female missionary, and gave birth to Pan Mingfu privately in 1955, when Lai Guihua was only seventeen.


    This love story violated the church precepts and shocked the Paiwan tribe. Zhang Xiuzhen, the eldest daughter of the big boss Liu Bihuang, recalled that at that time, through her grandmother Liu Chunmei, she secretly resolved the local dissatisfaction with the authority of the big boss and arranged for Lai Guihua to marry Pan Keji, the then leader.


    Lai Guihua married Pan Mingfu, who was about two or three years old, and suppressed this relationship until she died. Their stories still secretly spread mysterious and beautiful colors; It’s just that the people don’t want to touch the sad past of the parties and avoid talking about it.


    Su Shilang later left Taiwu Township and went to Majia, Laiyi and other mountainous areas to preach. Until Pan Mingfu was eleven years old, Su Shilang could not resist the pressure of tribes and churches, and left Taiwan and returned to Spain. Later, he was sent to Argentina again. In 1985, he died in a foreign land, and Taiwan Province, the father and son, never met again.


    Su Shilang once wrote a letter to Pan Mingfu from Argentina, writing in Latin, and he asked the staff to assist in translation. "Although I don’t know much about it, I believe that many feelings between father and son should be hidden between sentences." His mother and adoptive father died one after another more than ten years ago, and the mystery of his life has been hidden to this day.

Editor: Wang Yuxi

Coffee+tea lasts longer!

Original Swagpp mace medicine

Tea and coffee are two of the most widely consumed beverages in the world-

Tea is the second largest beverage in the world after water. About 3 billion people in the world like to drink tea, and basically one in every three people likes to drink tea. How much do you like coffee? According to the statistics of Science, the world consumes an average of 2.25 billion cups of coffee every day, and the cups can simply circle the earth 7.5 times!

Tea containing caffeine, catechin polyphenols and flavonoids has neuroprotective effects, and has the effects of anti-oxidative stress, anti-inflammation and anti-apoptosis. Coffee contains caffeine, which is also a rich source of antioxidants and bioactive compounds. Compared with milk tea, fruit juice, sugary drinks and so on, coffee and tea have naturally become the public’s first choice.

For working "dogs", having coffee and afternoon tea in the morning is really for "continuing life". But have you ever thought that while refreshing your mind, maybe coffee and tea are really helping you continue your life!

The latest research on West China of Sichuan University;

Drink 3 cups of tea or 6-8g of tea every day.

The anti-aging effect is the most obvious.

Tea contains a variety of bioactive substances, among which tea polyphenols are the most concerned. Previous studies have shown that tea polyphenols have anti-oxidation, anti-inflammatory, inhibiting cell apoptosis and regulating epigenetic changes, thus delaying the occurrence of aging. At the same time, animal experiments show that flavonoids and polyphenols rich in tea can prolong the life of worms, fruit flies and mice.

So, can people who drink more tea live longer?

Recently, a research team from West China School of Public Health of Sichuan University found that moderate tea drinking can delay the growth of human biological age. Among them, drinking about 3 cups of tea a day, or 6-8g of tea, has a particularly obvious anti-aging effect. The research was published in Lancet Regional Health-Western Pacific, a sub-journal of The Lancet.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lanwpc.2023.100955

The researchers recruited 7931 participants from the China Multi-Ethnic Cohort (CMEC) and 5998 participants from the longitudinal cohort of the British Biological Database (UKB), and estimated their biological ages (BA) by using composite biomarkers and Klemera Doubal method (KDM).

What is the concept of KDM-BA acceleration? The multivariable adjustment model shows that the death risk will increase by 56% every year when the acceleration of KDM-BA increases. In addition, KDM-BA acceleration has a good performance in predicting most elderly-related diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes and weakness.

There are many kinds of tea covered in this survey, including green tea, scented tea, black tea, sweet tea, black tea, oolong tea, yellow tea and white tea. According to different frequency of drinking tea, participants were divided into three groups: no drinking at present, 1-2 days/week, 3-5 days/week and almost every day. And according to every 200ml as a standard cup, the daily tea consumption of participants was calculated.

What is very innovative is that when people in China drink tea, it is often in bulk rather than in bags. Therefore, the researchers specially measured the amount of tea (in grams) when collecting data.

Research flow chart

In the whole queue, participants who insisted on drinking tea had a lower aging rate.

Specifically, compared with those who never drink tea, participants who change from drinking tea to drinking tea and insist on drinking tea have a slower increase in KDM-BA acceleration, which is simply "aging more slowly".

It was observed in the CMEC cohort that participants who changed from drinking tea to drinking tea had lower KDM-BA acceleration (β = ?0.319, 95% CI: ?0.620 to 0.017) than those who had no habit of drinking tea.

On the other hand, compared with those who have always had the habit of drinking tea, the acceleration of KDM-BA of participants who changed from drinking tea to not drinking tea increased more, that is, they aged faster.

According to the basic information collected, most of the participants who insist on drinking tea are men, who love drinking more and will maintain healthier eating habits. In addition, these participants are less likely to suffer from insomnia, depression and anxiety, especially in CMEC.

Basic information of participants

In order to get more practical conclusions, the researchers evaluated the prospective exposure-response relationship between tea drinking and biological age. Restricted cubic spline shows that with the increase of daily tea consumption, the curve of KDM-BA acceleration decreases continuously until 3 cups/day tends to be flat.

In other words, compared with those who don’t drink tea, participants who insist on drinking 2-3 cups of tea every day have the lowest KDM-BA acceleration. When the amount of tea leaves is taken as the exposure of CMEC, drinking 6-8g of tea leaves every day shows the strongest correlation, that is, the aging speed is the lowest at this time.

Correlation between tea consumption and KDM-BA acceleration

To sum up, there is a close relationship between drinking tea and the decline of biological aging acceleration measured by KDM-BA-the dose-response relationship shows that drinking 3 cups of tea or 6-8g of tea every day can maximize the anti-aging benefits.

It’s the first time that a study has made it so intimate that the grams of tea should be used every day! Why don’t you drink up? !

Drink 0.5-3 cups of coffee every day.

All-cause mortality fell by 12%

But instant coffee is really not good …

The benefits of coffee need not be said. In addition to refreshing, drinking coffee regularly is beneficial to reduce the risk of cancer and type 2 diabetes, control weight, improve depression, and prevent Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease. Not only that, recent studies have shown that coffee can also reduce the risk of death, thus prolonging life!

A study published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology points out that drinking 0.5-3 cups of coffee a day is related to a 12% decrease in all-cause mortality and a 17% decrease in cardiovascular mortality. Compared with people who don’t drink coffee, coffee stars have better cardiovascular health; But the benefits are decaffeinated coffee and ground coffee, and have nothing to do with instant coffee … …

doi:10.1093/eurjpc/zwac008

The study recruited 468,629 volunteers from British Biobank. These volunteers had no previous history of cardiovascular diseases, with an average age of 56.2 8.1 years, accounting for 44.2% of men, and the average follow-up period was 11(10-12) years.

Among nearly 470,000 volunteers, 22.1% have no habit of drinking coffee, 58.4% drink 0.5-3 cups of coffee every day on average, and 19.5% drink more than 3 cups of coffee every day on average.

The analysis of multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression model shows that compared with people who don’t drink coffee, people who drink 0.5-3 cups of coffee a day have a 12% reduction in all-cause death risk; The risk of cardiovascular death decreased by 17%, and the risk of stroke decreased by 21%.

However, people who drink more than three cups of coffee a day have no obvious improvement compared with those who have no coffee habit. In other words, although drinking coffee often is good for health, it is not the more the better. 0.5-3 cups a day is the best dose of coffee for life.

Relationship between coffee consumption and death risk

Next, the highlight of this study came-the researchers deliberately distinguished the health effects of different types of coffee.

Of all the volunteers who drink coffee, 19.5% are used to drinking decaffeinated coffee, 23.3% are used to drinking ground coffee and 55.1% are used to drinking instant coffee. After adjusting for possible confounding factors, the researchers found that compared with people who don’t drink coffee:

People who drink 0.5-3 cups of coffee every day have a 16% reduction in all-cause death risk (P = 0.001).

The risk of all-cause death decreased by 17% when drinking more than 3 cups of coffee every day (P = 0.022).

0.5-3 cups of ground coffee per day reduced the risk of all-cause death by 25% and cardiovascular death by 25% (P < 0.001).

What is even more shocking is that drinking more than 3 cups of ground coffee a day is associated with a 49% reduction in the risk of cardiovascular death (P=0.008)!

Compared with people who don’t drink coffee, many cardiac function parameters of volunteers who drink coffee without reason and ground coffee are improved. Unfortunately, the researchers found no evidence that drinking instant coffee for a long time can improve cardiovascular health.

The reason why different kinds of coffee have different health effects may be that they have gone through different processing processes and contain different chemical components. For example, although decaffeinated coffee does not contain caffeine, drinking decaffeinated coffee also helps to improve cardiovascular health and reduce the risk of death, indicating that other coffee ingredients besides caffeine are also beneficial to health.

To sum up, this study confirmed that 0.5-3 cups of coffee a day is helpful to improve cardiovascular health and reduce the risk of cardiovascular death and all-cause death. If possible, you can choose decaffeinated coffee and ground coffee!

Coffee+tea doubles the effect.

Drink enough of this amount

The risk of death is reduced by 22%

For most people, drinking tea or coffee is not a single thing, but both. So, what kind of sparks will tea and coffee collide?

Scholars from Tianjin Medical University have answered this long-standing question. They found that drinking coffee and tea in moderation every day can reduce the risk of death. Compared with people who don’t drink coffee or tea, participants who drink 2-4 cups of tea and < 1-2 cups of coffee a day have a lower risk of all-cause death, cardiovascular disease death and respiratory disease death.

(Source: BMC Medicine)

Using longitudinal cohort data of nearly 500,000 people from British Biobank, this study analyzed the relationship between coffee and tea drinking alone or in combination and total mortality and specific cause mortality (including cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases and digestive diseases).

First, the researchers investigated the relationship between drinking only coffee or tea every day and mortality. Surprisingly, only drinking coffee or tea has a nonlinear relationship with mortality. Among them, there is a J-type correlation between drinking only coffee and all-cause, cardiovascular disease and respiratory disease mortality, while drinking only tea is an anti-J-type correlation between all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality; There is a consistent anti-J correlation between drinking only coffee or tea and mortality of digestive diseases.

Specifically, drinking 1 cup of coffee or 3 cups of tea a day has the lowest risk of all-cause death, while drinking about 5 cups of coffee or 6 cups of tea a day has the lowest risk of death from digestive diseases.

* Xiaobian Google learned that the UK 1 cup=250 mL.

Correlation curve between drinking coffee or tea and all-cause mortality and specific cause mortality

(Source: BMC Medicine)

Then, the author further quantified the relationship between the consumption of coffee and tea and the mortality rate. Participants were divided into two groups according to their coffee intake (none, < 1~2, 3~4 and ≥5 cups/day) and tea intake (none, < 1~1, 2~4 and ≥5 cups/day), and their all-cause mortality and specific cause mortality were counted.

The analysis results show that compared with participants with different drinking amounts in the same group, participants who drink 2-4 cups of tea or < 1-2 cups of coffee every day have the lowest mortality rate from all causes, cardiovascular diseases and respiratory diseases.

All-cause mortality drinking coffee or tea (Source: BMC Medicine)

Great, it seems that the benefits of drinking coffee or tea are double-edged, which can actually reduce the mortality rate! Coffee star people and tea star people expressed great satisfaction. Not only that, the researchers also "humanized" the friends who love "the combination of Chinese and western" and analyzed the joint drinking of coffee and tea.

So, is drinking coffee and tea together a "happy takeoff" or a "full of harm"?

Surprisingly, the results show that there is a significant interaction between the co-drinking of coffee and tea and all-cause mortality. For those who drink a little coffee every day, the all-cause mortality increases with the increase of tea intake, but for those who drink a lot of coffee every day, the relationship is U-shaped. However, for people who drink tea every day, no matter how much they drink, the increase of their coffee intake is related to all-cause mortality in a U-shape.

Drinking coffee and tea is combined with all-cause and specific-cause mortality.

(Source: BMC Medicine)

As a result, the researcher draws a data conclusion that can make the majority of migrant workers "ecstatic": compared with those who don’t drink coffee and tea, drinking < 1~2 cups of coffee +2~4 cups of tea every day can reduce people’s risk of all-cause death by 22%, CVD risk by 24% and respiratory disease death risk by 31%!

So, everyone here, warm winter, would you choose poetic tea or romantic coffee? Let’s drink both together!

References:

[1]Simon J, Fung K, Raisi-Estabragh Z, et al. Light to moderate coffee consumption is associated with lower risk of death: a UK Biobank study. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2022; 29(6):982-991. doi:10.1093/eurjpc/zwac008

[2]Xiang Y, Xu H, Chen H, Tang D, Huang Z, Zhang Y, Wang Z, Wang Z, Yangla, Han M, Yin J, Xiao X, Zhao X. Tea consumption and attenuation of biological aging: a longitudinal analysis from two cohort studies. Lancet Reg Health West Pac. 2023 Nov 22; 42:100955. doi: 10.1016/j.lanwpc.2023.100955. PMID: 38075587; PMCID: PMC10700389.

[3] Chen Y, Zhang Y, Zhang M, Yang H, Wang Y. Consumption of coffee and tea with all-cause and cause-specific mortality: a prospective cohort study. BMC Med. 2022 Nov 18; 20(1):449. doi: 10.1186/s12916-022-02636-2. PMID: 36397104; PMCID: PMC9673438.

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Original title: "Coffee+tea lasts longer! The latest in West China of Sichuan University: Drinking 3 cups of tea every day has the best anti-aging effect! The risk of death from drinking coffee decreases by 22%.

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