The "experience value" 70,000-hour crew completed the test flight of Beijing Daxing International Airport.

  China Southern Airlines: As the first flight company, China Southern Airlines dispatched the Airbus A380, which is known as the "Big Mac in the Air". It is the largest civil airliner in the world, with a length of 73 meters and a wingspan of 79 meters. The flight test of A380 can comprehensively test whether Daxing International Airport meets the guarantee requirements of 4F-class airport.

  Xiamen Airlines: The United Nations painted Boeing 787-9 aircraft. Xiamen Airlines chose the only officially confirmed United Nations painted Boeing 787-9 aircraft in the world. As the "air image ambassador" of Xiamen Airlines to promote the sustainable development of the United Nations, the aircraft has successively launched themed flights such as "climate change" and "underwater creatures and terrestrial creatures", which is in line with the green construction characteristics of Daxing Airport. Photo courtesy/Xinhua News Agency

  Air China: 747-8 Long-range Wide-body Airliner Air China has launched the Boeing 747-8 Long-range Wide-body Airliner, the main type of wide-body airliner. This model has carried out the verification test flight of the new runway of Chongqing Airport. The fuselage is 78.3 meters long and can carry 365 passengers.

  At 9: 29 on May 13th, an Airbus A380 of China Southern Airlines landed smoothly on the west runway of Beijing Daxing International Airport. Subsequently, Airbus A350-900 of China Eastern Airlines, Boeing B747-8 of international airlines and Boeing B787-9 of Xiamen Airlines also landed on the runways of Beijing Daxing International Airport in the second, first and first runways. For this test flight, the four airlines involved did not dare to "neglect" and all took out their own housekeeping models.

  Beijing Daxing International Airport began to verify the real aircraft, and the flight test of flight procedures officially kicked off, which marked that the focus of Beijing Daxing International Airport shifted from infrastructure construction to preparation for operation and navigation. The Beijing Youth Daily reporter was informed that China Southern Airlines will build a "dual hub" in Beijing and Guangzhou in the future, Air China will get a 10% share of Daxing Airport, Xiamen Airlines will transfer to Daxing Airport in March next year, and China Eastern Airlines will build a "four-in and four-out" flight wave & HELIP; … After the opening of Beijing Daxing International Airport, passengers will have a better flight experience.


  The plane and crew passed the "test"

  For Daxing Airport, the test flight is similar to "rushing for the exam", and the plane and crew are "examiners". The test of flight test content is a comprehensive test of airport air flight procedures and ground operation procedures. The "Regulations on the Management of Transport Airport Construction" clearly stipulates that flight test is one of the necessary conditions for issuing airport use permits.

  On May 13th, four airlines, including China Southern Airlines, China Eastern Airlines, Air China and Xiamen Airlines, carried out verification flight tests on some flight procedures of Beijing Daxing International Airport.

  At 9: 03, the A380 passenger plane of China Southern Airlines took off from the Capital Airport from south to north. Subsequently, the verified flights of China Eastern Airlines, Air China and Xiamen Airlines took off from the middle runway of the Capital Airport in turn and flew to Daxing Airport under the command of the terminal controller of North China Air Traffic Control Bureau.

  "South 7777, Super, Daxing Tower welcomes you. Corrected sea pressure 1014, CAVOK, ground wind 200, 4 meters seconds, runway 35R, can land. " At 9: 29, China Southern Airlines A380 landed smoothly as instructed by the controller of Daxing Tower. Subsequently, the tower controller instructed him to slide to the designated place according to the predetermined route.

  After that, the flights of China Eastern Airlines, Air China and Xiamen Airlines landed on the corresponding runways in turn to carry out ground support verification.

  At 10: 57, four planes took off from Daxing Airport in turn. With the cooperation of the tower, approach, area controller and Tianjin Air Traffic Control Branch, the flight test verified the departure and arrival flight procedures of Daxing Airport. At 12: 36, the plane returned to the Capital Airport and landed. This verification flight test was successfully completed.

  Daxing International Airport is the highest 4F-class airport in the classification of airport support level, and its runway length, wingspan and wheel track that can support take-off and landing aircraft rank first among all airports at present. Therefore, the test flight selected four representative large-scale dual-channel aircraft from four different airlines and covered four runways to carry out "stress test" in order to fully verify the operational support capability of Daxing Airport. Ensuring the safe operation of these aircraft means that Daxing International Airport can also successfully ensure the safe operation of all aircraft in the world today.


  Unit with "experience value" of 70,000 hours

  In view of this verification flight, China Eastern Airlines made a comprehensive evaluation of all aircraft types, and selected the newly introduced flagship A350-900 aircraft to participate in the verification test flight. In addition to the advanced flight control system, the cockpit of this aircraft is also equipped with dual HUD (Head-up Display), which can display the flight track information, navigation information and external flight scenes on the display screen, which improves the pilot’s perception of the environment and helps to complete multiple verification flight test subjects.

  China Eastern Airlines selected a four-person test flight crew led by Airbus A350 pilot Wu Kun and A350 captain Hou Dandong. The four captains are all senior captains, with a total flight time of nearly 70,000 hours.

  At the same time, China Southern Airlines also sent four senior captains and a co-pilot to form the main test flight crew, which was led by Wang Renjie, the operation director of China Southern Airlines. All four captains have rich flight experience, and have served as captains for more than 15 years, with an average flight time of more than 17,000 hours. The crew with such a "luxury" configuration can be called a "flying dream combination".

  Air China has selected a senior captain with excellent technology and rich flight experience, who has participated in important flight support tasks many times, and has many experience in delivery test flight and "D inspection" test flight as the test flight crew. The test flight crew consists of three B747 pilots: Zhang Hengwen, Zhou Zaiming and Lian Xin. At the same time, Air China also arranged a backup unit for this test flight.

  In this test flight, Xiamen Airlines sent four excellent pilot teams. Mao Jun, general manager of Xiamen Airlines Flight Corps, was the leader, and two senior 787 captain instructors, Xu Yuanzhi and Cheng Mengjiao, and an excellent co-pilot Yang Bo were in charge of the flight.


  Some flights can save 20 minutes.

  Zhang Mao, the captain in charge of the flight test crew of China Southern Airlines, told the Beijing Youth Daily reporter after the flight test: "The overall flight test process is stable and smooth, the route design is optimized and reasonable, and all navigation and support facilities are running smoothly, which fully meets the navigation conditions."

  Zhang Mao said that Daxing Airport is located at the junction of Daxing in Beijing and Langfang in Hebei, and its geographical location and airspace structure determine its unique advantages: the flight time from Daxing Airport to the south-central and southwest directions is 10 to 20 minutes shorter than that of the Capital Airport. Similarly, the flight time for flights from Central South and Southwest China to Daxing Airport is also 10 to 20 minutes shorter than that of Capital Airport.


  North China air traffic control bureau makes a test flight report

  The flight procedures are mainly designed by the air traffic control department, and the test flight is to verify the reliability and rationality of these new "sky roads". Daxing Airport has added 94 flight procedures, and North China Air Traffic Control Bureau is the "designer" of the flight procedures of Daxing Airport.

  Yan Xiaodong, deputy director of the North China Air Traffic Control Bureau, said in an interview that the flight program design is not isolated, and a slight change may trigger a "butterfly effect". On the surface, Daxing Airport is only newly built, but there are 24 airports involved in adjusting flight programs in North China and 9 in East China, Central South, Northwest China and Northeast China. The Air Traffic Control Bureau of the Civil Aviation Administration is the "chief designer" of the whole flight program adjustment. Flight test is an important prerequisite for the approval of flight procedures and the acceptance of related industries, which is of great significance to the airport sailing.

  The reporter of Beiqing Daily learned from the North China Air Traffic Control Bureau that the bureau will adjust the flight procedures and form a final flight procedure report according to the results of this verification flight. Only after the flight procedures are officially approved can Daxing Airport be successfully navigable.


  A full-scale test flight will be conducted from August to September.

  This test flight is the most important node task before the acceptance of Daxing International Airport. According to the plan, the test flight of Daxing International Airport will be divided into three stages: the basic test flight will be carried out on May 13th, mainly to test the general security of the airport; In August, a special flight test of low visibility will be carried out at the airport, aiming to make the low visibility operation capacity of Daxing International Airport reach the highest level in the world. A comprehensive test flight will be carried out from August to September to ensure that the air-ground coordination is smooth and efficient after the airport is put into operation.

  The reporter of Beiqing Daily learned from the Civil Aviation Administration that the next low-visibility special test flight will also become the highlight of the test flight of Daxing International Airport. The test flight of Daxing International Airport in August will test the HURVR 75-meter technology, which represents the most advanced level of low-visibility take-off of aircraft in the world. At present, there is no airport in China that uses this technology.

  At present, the three-character code and four-character code of Daxing International Airport have been approved by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) and the Air Traffic Control Bureau of the Civil Aviation Administration respectively. The Airport Operation Manual and its annexes have passed the preliminary examination of compliance. So far, more than 50 domestic and foreign airlines have expressed their willingness to enter Beijing Daxing International Airport, including more than 30 Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan airlines and foreign airlines.

  In addition, in order to better match the operation of China Southern Airlines A380, Daxing International Airport Terminal has set up six parking stands that match the huge size of A380, and each parking stand has specially designed docking covered bridges with different heights for A380′ s three doors, which can connect A380′ s lower left door, left second door and upper left door, so that passengers can board and leave the plane quickly in layers.

  It can be said that the air route to Beijing is shortened, the ground taxiing time is reduced, and the passenger flight experience is improved. After China Southern Airlines enters Daxing International Airport, it will bring better flight experience to the passengers.

  Prospect of stationing in

  China Southern Airlines builds a "double hub" of Beiguang.

  China Southern Airlines owns 40% of the time resources at Beijing Daxing International Airport, and will undertake 40% of the air passenger business of Beijing Daxing International Airport in the future. It is the main base airline with the largest share of time resources, the widest flight network coverage and the largest number of passengers carried by Beijing Daxing International Airport. According to the development plan, by 2025, China Southern Airlines is expected to put more than 200 aircraft into Beijing Daxing International Airport, with more than 900 daily take-off and landing flights.

  At present, the preparatory work for the construction of China Southern Airlines project and the transition operation has entered the sprint stage, ensuring that it is completed and put into operation simultaneously with Daxing Airport.

  The reporter of Beiqing Daily learned that the construction of China Southern Airlines in Daxing International Airport Base in Beijing includes five functional areas: maintenance facilities, single shift dormitory, aviation food facilities, operation and security housing and freight facilities, with a total of 6 plots and 36 single buildings. It has the largest hangar in Asia, the largest operation control center in Asia and the largest aviation food production base in Asia.

  Among them, the No.1 hangar of the maintenance facility project has a span of 405 meters and a maintenance hall of 40 meters high, which can accommodate 2 Airbus 380, 3 Boeing 777s and 3 narrow-body aircraft at the same time, or 12 320 series narrow-body passenger aircraft at the same time. It is the largest hangar with the largest span and single construction scale in Asia. The construction scale of aviation food facilities is 92,200 square meters, with a daily production capacity of 100,000 copies and a peak daily production capacity of 180,000 copies, which can meet all the aviation food demand of Daxing International Airport in the initial operation. The construction scale of the Operation and Support Project is about 500,000 square meters. It integrates functional modules such as operation control, hub ground control and maintenance control to realize centralized and unified control of flight scheduling, field operation and maintenance operation, and will build the largest aviation operation control center in Asia.

  Xiamen Airlines will make a one-time transition next year.

  Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei is the key node of Xiamen Airlines’ "one axis and two wings" strategic layout. As early as 2014, Xiamen Airlines established its Beijing branch and acquired Hebei Airlines, becoming the only airline in the civil aviation industry to realize the comprehensive layout of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei. At present, Xiamen Airlines’ market share in Beijing is constantly expanding, with 15 related routes in Beijing, with an annual passenger traffic of nearly 3 million passengers.

  According to the plan, Hebei Airlines, a subsidiary of Xiamen Airlines, will become the airline company of Daxing Airport in 2019. Xiamen Airlines is scheduled to transfer to Daxing Airport in March 2020. In terms of capacity, Xiamen Airlines will invest 17 capacity in Daxing Airport in 2020; In 2025, it is planned to invest 30 aircraft, including Hebei Airlines and Jiangxi Airlines, with a total capacity of about 50 aircraft.

  China Eastern Airlines "four in and four out" flight waves

  China Eastern Airlines’ initial infrastructure investment is estimated to be 13.2 billion yuan, and the overall investment scale in the future will exceed 120 billion yuan, of which the capital construction investment scale will exceed 20 billion yuan, and the operating fleet investment scale will be nearly 100 billion yuan.

  On June 29, 2017, the construction of China Eastern Airlines Beijing New Airport Base project officially started. Up to now, the total construction area of the first phase project is 470,000 square meters, and nearly 90% of the engineering quantity has been completed. The second phase project of 700,000 square meters has also been fully started on March 16, 2019.

  China Eastern Airlines’ Independent Popular Economy Airline Brand — — China United Airlines Co., Ltd. will realize the "overnight transition" and become the first airline to be stationed and operated in Beijing Daxing International Airport. China Eastern Airlines’ routes in Beijing (except the Beijing-Shanghai Express) quickly shifted and completed the transition, and it is expected that all the transitions will be in Daxing in the summer and autumn season of 2020; China Eastern’s international partner airlines will also gradually move to Beijing Daxing International Airport.

  China Eastern Airlines will build a "four-in and four-out" flight wave at Beijing Daxing International Airport, and include the flights from SkyTeam member airlines and domestic and foreign partner airlines to Daxing into the flight connection plan. In terms of domestic routes, China Eastern Airlines, Shanghai Airlines and China United Airlines, which belong to China Eastern Airlines, focus on building business routes from Beijing Daxing to Shanghai, Kunming, Xi ‘an, Hangzhou, Nanjing, Chengdu, Chongqing, Guangzhou and Shenzhen, and gradually reach the scale of starting more than 5 flights a day in the first two years after sailing; Domestic provincial capital cities and airports above 10 million have achieved full coverage. In terms of international routes, major routes such as Paris, London, Sydney and Tokyo were opened in the early stage. By 2025, China Eastern Airlines will put 180 to 200 aircraft into Beijing Daxing International Airport, and together with the capacity of global partners, it is estimated that the daily average number of flights will exceed 650, and the route network will cover major domestic markets in China, as well as important global aviation hubs such as Paris, Amsterdam, Detroit, Seattle and Seoul. Taking off from Daxing, China Eastern Airlines will build a higher-level global network, build a higher-quality "Silk Road in the Air" and make Beijing the best and most convenient aviation gateway in the world.

  This edition/Beijing Youth Daily reporter Lin Lishuang coordinator/Yu Meiying

  Photography (except signature)/Beijing Youth Daily reporter Wei Tong